Quran Focus Academy Blog

The Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) Last Sermon or Khutba

This sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H.
in the ‘Uranah valley of Mount Arafat’ (in Mecca).

After praising, and thanking Allah he said:

“O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.

 

O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that HE will indeed reckon your deeds. ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn ‘Abd’al Muttalib (Prophet’s uncle) shall henceforth be waived…

Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.

O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.

O People, listen to me in earnest, worship ALLAH, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.

All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.

Remember, one day you will appear before ALLAH and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.

O People, NO PROPHET OR APOSTLE WILL COME AFTER ME AND NO NEW FAITH WILL BE BORN. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my example, the SUNNAH and if you follow these you will never go astray.

All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O ALLAH, that I have conveyed your message to your people”.

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Inspired by Abraham to Vote

At age 16, I began to see the Prophet in the sun and the moon. On early mornings I’d lay across my bed and muse at the sunlit dust specks floating across the rays of light, wondering if some of them had once been kicked up by the camels of the Prophet Muhammad’s caravan (peace and blessings upon him).

Nasheeds, or Islamic songs like Dawud Wharnsby‘s “Sunshine, Dust & the Messenger,” introduced me to this way of thinking as a Muslim adolescent growing up in Skokie, Ill. The Muslim community reinforced this love for and connection to the Prophet. On the day of his birth (in January, this year) Muslims across the globe will come together to sing nasheeds and recite prayers for the Prophet.

When protests against “Innocence of Muslims” erupted, I found my mother more saddened than angered. This is because she, and many Muslims like her, have grown up reading about the Prophet’s life. We feel connected to him –we emulate him. We imagine what it would be like to walk in his midst. We stare up at the sky and see the same crescent that guided him more than 1,400 years ago.

Although you’ll find few Muslims adopting the WWJD mantra, a degree of reverence extends to Jesus and all other Prophets. I think of Surah Ta-Ha and the life of Moses on Passover and Surah Maryam and Jesus’ birth on Christmas.

Most recently, I recalled the story of Abraham. The end of October marked the days of Eid ul-Adha, the holiday celebrating the end of the Hajj pilgrimage — a rite through which Muslims follow milestones in the story of Prophet Abraham and the life of Prophet Muhammad.

As a Muslim kid, I always looked forward to Eid as a time to visit lots of family and receive Eid money from our elders. Now, as an adult, there are other reasons to look forward to Eid. Muslims are called upon to sacrifice a goat or other animal and to parcel the meat to the less fortunate, and as a working professional I am blessed with the opportunity to partake in this rite.

What made this Eid extra special was the opportunity I had as an Illinois resident to participate in early voting. After attending the morning Eid prayer at the masjid, my family and I drove down to the local polling place, and in our glittery Eid clothes, hijabs and prayer caps, we fulfilled the second big religious obligation of the day.

As much as Eid is about celebration and sacrifice it is also about responsibility. Sharing food with one’s neighbor and the less fortunate, completing the Hajj pilgrimage, checking-in with friends and relatives are all duties of a Muslim. This year, I added one more to the list.

In the spirit of Muslims, Christians and others who fought for just leadership as part of the Arab Spring and the Prophets whose sense of duty knew no bounds, I voted for the next President of the United States (and others on the ballot).

It is my hope that whichever candidates they choose, Muslims across the country will kick up the dust and stand under the same sun that warmed the faces of Prophets Moses, Jesus, Muhammad and Abraham to continue the legacy of responsible, civic duty on Election Day.

Holidays like Eid that recall the lives of the Prophets make me happy to be a Muslim. Today, I am reminded of why I’m happy to be a Muslim American.

Usra Ghazi  Usra Ghazi  Campus Outreach Manager, Interfaith Youth Core

Follow Usra Ghazi on Twitter: www.twitter.com/@UsraGhazi

 

New Hijri year – How faith served the Prophet to reach Medina

As the new Hijri year begins, Muslims are reminded about the migration of the Prophet and to observe the memory of harmony, altruism and unity between the Muhajireen (migrants) and Ansar (supporters).

After the message of Allah was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed, he stayed in Mecca to preach Islam and reach out to tribes and envoys.

“But he found little support and endorsement. Instead he was severely harmed, yet he remained patient until Allah, the most High, awarded Him with Ansars who embraced Islam before they went back to Medina,” explains the sermon.

“Then Allah, may Glory be to Him, authorized His Messenger to start the journey to Medina, a call that his followers answered without hesitation.”

As the Prophet himself waited in Mecca until he received the order from Allah, Quraish tribes plotted to kill him.

They agreed to have a member of each tribe participate in the killing so his blood would be distributed between them, and thus whoever wanted to avenge him would have to face all the tribes.

Allah says in the Quran: “And [remember, O Muhammad], when those who disbelieved plotted against you to restrain you or kill you or evict you [from Makkah]. But they plan, and Allah plans. And Allah is the best of planners.

“As He promised, Allah saved his Apostle, who went out from Mecca before their enemies’ eyes, but their sight was momentarily taken away,” continues the sermon.

“He took a handful of dust and started pouring it on their heads, while reciting this verse: ‘And We have put before them a barrier and behind them a barrier and covered them, so they do not see’.”

He walked with his companion, Abu Bakr, at night until they reached the cave of Thawr and took refuge in it.

In the meantime, Quraish had left no stone unturned to find him until they reached the Cave gate and stood by there.

At that point, Abu Bakr told the Prophet: “Allah’s Messenger, if one amongst them were to see at his feet he would have surely seen us.”

Prophet Mohammed replied: “What can befall two who have Allah as the third One with them.”

A Quranic verse was revealed about this incident that says: “If you do not aid the Prophet – Allah has already aided him when those who disbelieved had driven him out [of Makkah] as one of two, when they were in the cave and he said to his companion, ‘Do not grieve; indeed Allah is with us.’

“And Allah sent down his tranquility upon him and supported him with angels you did not see and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the word of Allah – that is the highest. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.”

After three days of staying at the cave, they were able to leave Mecca for Medina.

By: Haneen Dajani        hdajani@thenational.ae

Student and Muslim volunteers to promote peace with roses

Student and Muslim volunteers to promote peace with rosesVolunteers will be giving out roses to the public today near various MRT stations as part of a ‘Roses of Peace’ event (Photo: Shaik Kadir)

A group of young people in Singapore are making efforts to promote peace and a better understanding of Islam by giving out roses today.

The event, spearheaded by Nadzirah Riduan, an accountancy student at the Singapore Management University, comes at the back of a similar one held in Birmingham, UK, and in Norway.

In recent years, there have been a number of unpleasant incidents that include the burning of copies of the Quran and the ridiculing of Prophet Muhammad through printed words, cartoons and movies, such as the anti-Islam film ‘Innocence of Muslims’ that made news headlines around the world.

There have also been wrongdoings by so-called Muslims, such as revenge terrorist acts, suicide bombings and recently, the attempted killing of a young Pakistani woman who promoted education for girls in Pakistan.

All these ugly acts have greatly angered Muslims all over the world.

Conflict based on religion would always go on from time to time, but should Muslims go out onto the streets to protest at every provocation, sometimes violently resulting in the destruction of vehicles and properties and injuries or even death?

Such wild protests and unruly behaviour do not gain the sympathy of non-Muslims as they wonder if Islam is an aggressive religion.

Muslims get a bad name, yet this is far from truth. The truth is, Islam is a peaceful religion.

Instead of staging disorganised demonstrations, what Muslims ought to do is to have peaceful means to convey the message of Islam emphasising that any destruction of properties and killing of non-Muslims or Muslims is wrong and unIslamic.

This is exactly what is done today by Nadzirah, who said: “From this event, we hope that people who have misconceptions about Islam would understand it and know why Muslims so dearly love Prophet Muhammad. We love the Prophet because he showed love to people, and his teachings involve peace.”

Nadzirah hopes to raise awareness about the teachings of Islam and Prophet Muhammad through this gesture.

Volunteers will freely give away more than 3,000 roses to the public during the event called ‘Roses of Peace’.  A card, bearing quotes of peace and love, and a brief description of the beautiful character of Prophet Muhammad is attached to each stalk of rose, so recipients can learn something about Islam. They will be near various MRT stations, including Orchard Road, City Hall, Tampines, Jurong East and Bishan.

In Norway, the event was called “Roses, not protest – Norwegian Muslims respond to ‘Innocence of Muslims’”. A video of it on YouTube shows a female convert to Islam quoting a Hadith (sayings of the Prophet) about Prophet Muhammad who, one day, found dirt thrown at the door of his house. The culprit was an old woman who did it daily, but the Prophet did not get angry with her.

One day, the Prophet found no dirt at his door and was told that the woman was sick. He immediately went to see her and, instead of asking her why she had daily thrown dirt at his door, took care of her and cleaned her house.  The old woman regretted her action and became his follower.

The story, said the Norwegian convert, touched her heart.

To uphold the good name of Islam, Muslims need to have patience and persevere in doing good works and practise the principles of Islam in public and in private.

They must win hearts by being compassionate, loving and peaceful with all.

(Shaik Kadir is a retired school teacher who has been writing for various publications since 1976. He is also the author of several English books on Islam. He often writes on Islamic culture and issues.)