The Quran is the sacred book of the Muslims, it is the word of God (Allah) revealed to his prophet Muhammad (peace and prayers of Allah be upon him) through the angel Jibril. This revelation has lasted 23 years.
The Quran is the heart of Islam, it includes all the teachings and precepts of the religion, for every Muslim it’s the divine symbol of faith. The Holy Book is also considered as a miracle in itself because of its content and scope, which is extended to all possible areas and continues to fascinate scientists for its extraordinary advance over time.
The Quran has 114 chapters called suwar. The first one is called Al Fatiha (the opening). Each sura is composed of phrases or verses called “ayat”. The longest sura is the “Al Baqara” , it has 286 ayas.
A part of the Quran was revealed to the Prophet (peace and prayers of Allah be upon him) in the city of Mecca and the other in the city of Medina, that is why we find a classification of the suwar in the Quran by Makiya and Madaniya, in fact by place of revelation.