Online Quran Academy

The Six Kalimas of Islam

 

 

1. First Kalima (Tayyab):

 

 

Laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Muhammadur-Rasoolu-llaah 

 

There is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah

 

 

2. Second Kalima (Shahadat):

 

 

 

Ash-hadu Al-laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Wahdahoo Laa Shareeka Lahoo Wa-Ash-hadu Anna Muhammadan ‘Abduhoo Wa Rasooluhu.

 

I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, the One alone, without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger

 

 

 

3. Third Kalima (Tamjeed):

 

Subhaana-llaahi Walhamdu Lillaahi Walaaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Wallaahu Akbar. Walaa Hawla Walaa Quwwata Illaa Billaahi-l ‘Aliyyil ‘Azeem.

 

Glory be to Allah and all praise be to Allah, there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. There is no might or power except from Allah, the Exalted, the Great One.

 

 

4. Fourth Kalima (Touheed):

 

 

 

Laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Wahdahoo Laa Shareeka-lahoo Lahu-l Mulku Walahu-l Hamdu Yuhyee Wayumeetu Wahuwa Hayyu-l Laa Yamootu Abadan Abada. Dhu-l Jalaali Wal Ikraam. Biyadihil Khair. Wahuwa Alaa Kulli Shai-’in Qadeer.

 

There is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is alone and has no partner. To Him belongs the Kingdom and for Him is all praise. He gives life and causes death. In His hand is all good and He has power over everything

 

 

5. Fifth Kalima (Astaghfar):

 

 

Astaghfiru-llaaha Rabbi Min Kulli Dhambin Adhnabtuhoo ‘Amadan Aw Khata-an Sirran Aw ‘Alaaniyata-wn Wa-atoobu Ilaihi Min-adh Dhambi-l Ladhee A’lamu Wamina-dh Dhambi-l Ladhi Laaa A’lamu Innaka Anta ‘Allaamu-l Ghuyoobi Wasattaaru-l ‘Uyoobi Wa Ghaffaaru-dh Dhunubi Walaa Hawla Walaa Quwwata Illaa Billaahi-l ‘Aliyyil ‘Azeem.
I seek forgiveness from Allah, who is my Creator and Cheriser, from every sin I committed knowingly or unknowingly, secretly or openly. I also seek His forgiveness for all sins which I am aware of or am not aware of. Certainly You (O Allah!), are the Knower of the hidden and the Concealer of mistakes and the Forgiver of sins. And there is no power and no strength except from Allah, the Most High, the Most Great.

 

6. Sixth Kalima (Radd-e-Kufar):

 

 

 

Allaa-humma Inneee A’udhu-bika Min An Ushrika Bika Shay-awn Wa-ana A’lamu Bihee Wa- astaghfiruka Limaa Laaa A’lamu Bihee Tubtu ‘Anhu Wata-barraatu Mina-l Kufri Wash-shirki Wal-kidhbi Wal-gheebati Wal-bid’ati Wan-nameemati Wal-fawahishi Wal-buhtaani Wal-m’aasi Kulli-haa Wa-Aslamtu Wa-aqoolu Laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Muhammadu-r Rasoolu-llah.
O Allah! I seek refuge in You from that I should ascribe any partner with You knowingly. I seek Your forgiveness for the sin of which I have no knowledge. I repent from it. And becoming disgusted of disbelief and idolatry, lying and backbiting, innovation and slander, lewdness and abomination and all other acts of disobedience, I submit to Your will. I believe and I declare that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

 

 

Reward for Reading the Whole Qur’an

Reciting the Qur’an is one of the best good deeds a Muslim can do. Also, it is a great means of spiritually recharging and lifting up the heart.

Hence, a good practicing Muslim should recite as much of the Qur’an as he/she can.

Responding to you question, Dr. Mohammad Qatanani, Professor in the Islamic American University and Imam of the Islamic Centre of Passaic County in New Jersey, stated,

Reciting the Qur’an is the best act of worship after the obligations. Indeed, the Qur’an will be a witness either for or against you according to your relationship with it.

`Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “The best of you are the ones who learn the Qur’an and teach it to others.” (Al-Bukhari)

A Muslim will be rewarded for each and every letter he/she reads. In an authentic hadith it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Whoever reads a letter from the Allah’s Book, he will be rewarded for it. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “alif, laam, meem” is one letter, but “alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.” (At-Tirmithi)

So, you should increase your recitation of the Qur’an as much as you can to gain these merits, and to gain the following merit as well.

A Muslim’s status is raised by the Qur’an; the more he recites it, following its commandments and making it a part of his or her life, the more Allah will elevate his or her status in this life and in the Hereafter.

Imam Muslim mentioned in his book a story where some men came to question `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab during his Caliphate about the leadership of Makkah, they asked, “Who do you use to govern Makkah?” He said, “Ibn Abzaa.” They asked, “And who is Ibn Abzaa?” Umar replied, “A freed slave from those we freed.” They remarked, “You left a freed slave in charge of the people of the Valley (the noble tribes of the Quraysh)!?” He answered them, “Verily he is a reader of Allah’s Book and is knowledgeable about the obligations of the Muslims. Haven’t you heard the statement of your Messenger: “Verily Allah raises some people by this Book and lowers others by it?”

In another hadith, `Aaishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have been reward twice.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

It is also stated in the hadith narrated by `Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas (may Allah be pleased with them both), in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Whoever recites ten ayahs (verses) in qiyam will not be recorded as one of the forgetful. Whoever recites a hundred ayahs (verses) in qiyam will be recorded as one of the devout, and whoever prays a thousand ayahs (verses) in qiyam will be recorded as one of the muqantereen (those who pile up good deeds).” (Reported by Abu Dawuud and Ibn Hibbaan)

The Prophet also said, “The Qur’an is an intercessor (something given permission to intercede) and it is rightfully believed in. Whoever puts it in front of him, it will lead him to Paradise, and whoever puts it behind him, it will steer him to the Hellfire.” (At-Tabarani from`Abdullaah ibn Mas`ud)

Our Mother `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) understood from the former Hadiths that the position of a Muslim in Paradise (al-jannah) will be based on his position and relationship with the Qur’an; since the ranks of Paradise have the same number of the verses of the Qur’an.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “It will be said to the man or the woman of the Qur’an, ‘Recite and beautify your recitation as you used to do in your life, your position will be with the last ayah you recite.” (Abu Dawud and At- Tirmidhi)

In another authentic Hadith the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked about the best action, he replied, “The reader who lives within the confines of the Qur’an and travels between its covers.” (At-Termidhi and Al-Hakim)

Allah Almighty knows best.

Youngest Qur’an Hafiz Fascinates Nigerians

CAIRO – A three-year-old girl is amazing Nigeria after memorizing the whole Qur’an, becoming one of the youngest Muslims in the world to learn the Noble Book by heart.

“Honestly, I can’t say much but I am very grateful to Allah for this,” Sayyada Maimunatu Sheikh Dahiru, the girl’s mother, told Sunday Tribuneon February 10.

“This is indeed a blessing from Allah. I’m grateful to Allah for this.”

Her daughter, Rukkayatu Fatahu Umar, has completed the memorization of the Noble Qur’an at the age of three year and eight months.
The young Muslim girl began memorizing the Noble Book at an Islamic school founded by prominent Sheikh Dahiru Usman Bauchi.

“We were using a big parlor, which was divided into classes for the learning of the Qur’an,” Maimunatu, who teaches at the school, said.

“At that time, I always carried her on my back while teaching. From there, she started reciting along with the students and before long, she had memorized some verses.

“That was how she started attending memorization class.  Right now, she has completed memorizing the whole Qur’an,” the proud mother said.

The Noble Qur’an is consisted of 114 Surah (chapters) of varying lengths.

Going to the school between 7a.m. and 6p.m. daily, the young girl found little time to play with her peers.

“It is not as if she does not play with her mates. She does, especially with those who are memorizing the Qur’an like her,” Maimunatu said.

“This makes it easier for them, as their focus and attention are directed towards achieving the same goal, which is memorizing the Qur’an.”

Education

The Muslim girl does not believe she has completed the memorization of the Qur’an as this young age.

“I thank Allah,” she said.

The young Muslim girl is now preparing to go to school soon, breaking a family tradition of sending girls to study at the age of ten.

“My husband has, however, said that the world is changing now, and that there is civilization all over the place,” the mother, who herself memorized the whole Qur’an at the age of 12, said.

“As such, our daughter will have the opportunity of going to a proper school whenever she reaches the age of six.”

The Muslim mother has paid tribute to her father for offering her child the chance to memorize the Qur’an at this young age.

“I’m also grateful that I have a father like Sheikh Dahiru Bauchi, who planted my feet, like other people, on the path of Islam,” she said.

“May Allah grant him longevity of life so that he will continue to serve Allah and be useful to Islam and humanity in general.”

Teaching children the glorious Qur’an and the Islamic principles is the responsibility of their parents from an early age which is the best period for implanting Islamic ethics.

Memorizing the Holy Qur’an is one of the most important ways to preserve Allah’s message.

The others are to publish and distribute the book, or the text on the Internet and to recite the parts that one knows to other people.

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “The best amongst you is the one who learns the Qur’an and teaches it.”

 

 

Oldest pieces of the Quran discovered

The oldest excerpts from the Quran have been discovered in the cellars of the Yemeni capital Sanaa’s Great Mosque, daily Bugün has reported, adding that former Turkish Religious Affairs Director Tayyar Altıkulaç has gone to examine the pieces.

The Quran pieces have been found in the cellars of Sanaa’s Great Mosque.

“Workers saw the Quran pieces when they opened the cellar. Why do we call them pieces? Because in the early periods of Islam, there were not too many Qurans and people used to read it by cutting it into pieces. These pieces were worn down as they were transferred from person to person. After the development of writing, Qurans increased in number and these pieces were gathered and kept in a place.
When the door of the cellar was opened, snakes came out. The cellar has a window and water came in from there. This is why some of these pieces decomposed and got dirty,” said Altıkulaç, underlining the importance of the discovery.

According to the daily, the pieces of the holy book were discovered during restoration works that started on the mosque after a collapse in the structure.

Some of the pieces have previously been sold at London auction houses by former governors, he said.

“The Quran pieces need restoration at the moment. They have been kept randomly in 20 sacks.”

He said the pieces were under the responsibility of the Yemeni Culture Ministry and that they should be handled one by one and restored.

“Some of the Quran pieces are from the companions of the Prophet Muhammed and some date back to second and third centuries. They are very important sources for the academic world,” he said.

 

 

Quran Reading with Tajweed – Learn Quran Online

 

Literally, ‘tajweed‘ means improvement and perfection. If you do something with tajweed it means you are trying to do it with the utmost quality and in the most perfect way possible. The term is technically used to refer to the science concerned with correct recitation and pronunciation of the Qur’anic words and verses. The relationship is clear between the literal meaning of the word and its technical usage; the literal meaning revolves around perfecting an action or a performance, which is the recitation of the Qur’an as far as the science of Tajwid is concerned.

After the rapid spread of Islam in its early centuries, especially among non-Arabs, Muslim scholars deemed it necessary to put down a set of rules that serve as a reference for the Qur’an learners. So, Tajwid has been the reference for people who wished to recite the Qur’an in a correct manner. This, however, does not deny the fact that the Qur’an cannot be learned independently, without the assistance of a skilled teacher. The unique isnad-based system of learning Qur’an continued to be the recognized way for teaching students how to recite the Qur’an and for training them on Tajwid. In the isnad-based system, a student recites the whole Qur’an by heart, from the beginning to the end, fulfilling the rules of Tajwid to a certified Qur’an teacher, and then the student is certified by the teacher to be qualified to recite and teach the Qur’an. The certificate is called ijazah (license). A typical ijazah lists the teachers of the granting sheikh (the isnad or sanad , an unbroken chain of teachers that goes back to the Prophet).

Tajwid, according to the scholars’ definition, is all about “articulating (the sound of) each letter from its proper point of articulation, and ensuring the correct pronunciation of the genuine characteristics of each sound as well as the occasional ones.” Here, by ‘genuine’ scholars mean the permanent features of a sound without which the sound is never pronounced correctly. The occasional features are those affecting a letter sound due to certain occasional reasons such as the place of the letter in a word, its tashkil, the features of the letters coming before or after it, etc.

A typical Tajwid book starts with an introduction clarifying the significance and manners of reciting the Qur’an, the prerequisites of a correct recitation, the Islamic ruling of observing Tajwid when reciting the Qur’an and the types of recitation in terms of speed. The main body of Tajwid, as clearly stated in the above definition, is concerned with the correct pronunciation of the Qur’an. This is dealt with in the following basic topics:

  1. Points of articulation (Makharij Al-Huruf)
  2. Letters Characteristics (Sifat Al-Huruf)
  3. Other rules of Tajwid related to the sound changes of certain letters due to their places in the word or their surrounding letters, such as the rules of a non-vowel N and M (ahkam an-Nun wal mim as-sakinah) and the types of long vowels (mudud.)

Students of phonetics will find the above topics familiar and similar to what they study. The concept of idgham, for example, is similar to that of assimilation as far as the phonetics is concerned.

It is obligatory, according to the scholars of Tajwid, to observe its rules when reciting the Qur’an. Allah Almighty said, {…recite the Qur’an (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style} (Al-Muzzamil 73: 4)

The verse means reciting the Qur’an slowly with humility (khushu`) and reflection observing the rules of Tajwid such as lengthening the long vowels (madd al-mamudud) and shortening the short ones (qasr al-maqsur)… The command in the above verse indicates obligation as this is the original usage of the imperative form. There is nothing here to indicate otherwise. (Al-Marsafi, Hidayat Al-Qari’ ila Tajwid Kalam al-Bari)

Imam ibn Al-Jazari, one of the earliest scholars of Tajwid, maintained in his Tuhfatul-Atfal, a famous beginner-style Tajwid manual, that,

It is incumbent to observe the rules of Tajwid; those who fail to do so are incurring a sin because the Qur’an was revealed by Allah and transmitted to us with the rules of Tajweed.

Some scholars, however, hold that it is recommended (mustahab) to follow the rules of Tajwid rather than being wajib(obligatory), as long as the words are pronounced correctly in terms of Arabic and no mistakes are involved of course. Nevertheless, it befits a Muslim to try his best to perfect his recitation. `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur’an will be with the honorable, obedient scribes (angles), and he who recites the Qur’an with difficulty and find it hard to recite will have a double reward. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Tajwid is just one of the manifestations of Allah’s protection for the Qur’an from any kind of corruption. Going through the books of the Tajwid shows the extreme care given to the minute details of the pronunciation of the Qur’an. All of this is to ensure that the way the Qur’an is recited fourteen centuries after the demise of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is exactly the same as how the Prophet recited the Qur’an. Besides, the isnad-based transmission of the Qur’an guarantees that the rules of Tajwid are fully put into practice in a way that ensures the highest quality and accuracy level when transmitting the Qur’an from one generation to another. Tajwid, after all, is one of a group of sciences created initially to serve the Qur’an and to guard it from corruption such as the Qira’at (the science of the recitation versions) and the scripting of the Qur’an (ar-rasm wad-dabt.)

By Muhammad Fathi