Online Quran Academy

How Many Pages are there in the Quran?

As Muslims, we are adamant that the Quran is the word of Allah. It is revealed as the ultimate guidance for humanity. Reciting the holy Quran provides peace and comfort to the human soul.

 

The Quran Majeed is the most eloquent and truthful book as it is the words of Almighty Allah. It encompasses the greatest sciences and is the complete guide for humankind.

 

Many Muslims feel intimidated about reciting and memorizing the holy Quran as they believe it is an enormous book they might be unable to recite or memorize. And sometimes, people are hesitant to read the Quran as it is an Arabic book.

 

As a result, breaking the Quran up into pages or juze is the easiest way to finish reading, reciting, and memorizing it. We’ll tell you how many pages there are in the Quran in this article and how to break it up, so it’s simpler to recite.

 

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How Many Pages are there in the Holy Quran?

 

The Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH ). It took 23 years to be revealed during the holy month of Ramadan in Makkah.

 

Wondering how many pages are there in Quran? The answer is there is no standard page limit, and it has a variable number of pages according to your copy. We should know the Quran is divided into surahs that begin with surah Al-Fatihah and end with surah Al-Nas.

 

How Many Arabic Pages are there in the Quran?

 

Knowing that different copies of the Quran have different page counts—some copies have 485 pages, some have 504 pages, and others have up to 600 pages. And some others have 604 pages, and some have 624 pages.

 

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Word Count of the Quran in English


The word count of English translations of the Quran also varies depending on the copy, with some having 485 pages and others having up to 695.

 

How Many Verses are there in Quran?


In addition to the topic of how many pages there are in the Quran, many people also wonder how many verses there are. There are 6,348 verses total in the Quran (including Bismillah), with 112 verses of Bismillah.

 

(بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ)

 

These don’t have verse numbers, but the Quran contains 6236 verses when the Bismillah isn’t taken into account.

 

How Many Pages are there in One Para/ Juz of the Quran?


Each section of the Quran is referred to as a Juz in Arabic or a para in Urdu.

 

Each part has 20 pages, and the majority of Quranic apps use this structure as well. The number of pages in a para depends on how many pages of the Quran you have; nonetheless, the ordinary Quran or Koran has 604 pages overall.

 

Summing Up

 

These divisions of the Quran Kareem make it easier for children to memorize the Quran and to assist readers in reading the entire Quran in 30 days by reading the same amount each day.

 

We attempted to address the question of how many pages there are in the Quran. This is a crucial question since the Quran’s divided into verses, pages, juze, and Hizb makes it simpler to recite and encourages you and your children to recite and memorize it.

 

Start Learning the Holy Quran with Quran Focus!

 

Do you want to learn the Quran yourself and your children? Enroll in our Online Quran classes offered by Quran Focus (an online Quran school) and learn how to accurately recite and remember the holy Quran with the proper Tajweed and Tarteel rules.

 

Our experienced male and female Quran tutors are available 24/7 for online Quran, Arabic, and Islamic courses with a flexible schedule.

 

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Wondering “How to Find Quran Classes Near Me”?

 

Every Muslim must learn, understand and comprehend the holy Quran as a religious obligation. Similarly, Muslim parents must start teaching their children the Quran Kareem at a young age so they can learn and follow the teachings of Almighty Allah from the beginning.

 

According to various studies, kids can learn better at an early age, and the same applies to learning the holy book. Many institutions offer online Arabic and Quran classes for kids and adults.

 

 If you are looking for online Quran classes near me, turn to Quran Focus. We offer live one-to-one Quran classes to students of all ages with flexible schedules and affordable pricing plans.

 

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Children who do not speak Arabic as their first language and who haven’t learned the Noorani Qaida before will need more time learning the Quran Majeed than those who do.

 

Most children, even adults, make many mistakes while pronouncing the Quranic verses. It is the most fundamental problem that needs to be resolved. Children and youngsters can only recite the Quran with proper Tajweed and Tarteel rules if taught by an experienced Quran teacher/ Mualim/ Molana or Hafiz.

 

In addition, learning and reading the holy book regularly and continuously is crucial for memorizing it. Reading and memorizing the holy Quran daily will help children understand it easily and quickly. The modern education system also follows this principle to learn and remember something new.

 

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Why Do you Need a Quran Teacher to Learn the Quran?


You need outstanding teachers to learn something from scratch. The same applies to Quran learning. Teachers in online Quran academy help students learn how to pronounce words in Arabic correctly. And by making daily attendance mandatory, a kid can also learn how to adhere to a schedule.

 

If a similar method is followed, learning the Qur’an becomes too easy. However, many parents are concerned that it can be challenging for their children to attend Quran sessions at a Quran institute because they spend more than half of the day at school.

 

And finding a Quran tutor or academy in the western world becomes a hassle. Moreover, it takes extra time and travel to pick up and drop off students at a Quran institute. But today, this is no longer an issue.

 

How To Find The Best Quran Academy for Kids?

 

Nowadays, many reputable online Quran institutions offer online Quran classes for kids and adults. Thanks to modern technology, which has eased the learning of the holy Quran.

 

You just need a laptop with an internet connection to enroll your young ones in an online Quran institute. Quran Focus ranks first for learning the Holy Quran with experienced Quran tutors. We have qualified Quran instructors with expertise in teaching the Quran for kids of all ages at an affordable rate without compromising the quality.

 

Considering that classes are online, logistics won’t be a problem. We can schedule the timings of Quran classes as per your request and arrange the Quran tutor, which works for both the student and the teacher.

 

Understanding the meaning of the Quran is one important aspect of Quran recitation that many parents overlook. It can be beneficial when a child understands what he is reading and memorizing. It also helps a kid follow the holy Quran’s teachings and divine guidelines.

 

However, simply understanding it does not accomplish the goal of reciting the Quran. Muslims must recite the Holy Quran in Arabic since that is where its true meaning can be found.

 

If you are looking for an online Quran academy near me, contact us. We guarantee our services will be the most excellent option for learning the holy Quran online.

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Significance and Importance of Eid-e Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid an-Nabi)

Eid Milad-un-Nabi or Mawlid an-Nabi or Eid Milad is an auspicious occasion in which Muslims around the world commemorate the birth of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The last Prophet, Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was born in the 12th Rabi ul-Awwal, the third month of the Islamic calendar. Eid e Milad (12th Rabi ul-Awwal) is observed as a public holiday in many Muslim countries as it marks the birth anniversary of the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), founder of Islam, and upon whom the Holy Quran was revealed.

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Here are the details about the importance and history of this day.


Importance of the Month of Rabi-ul-Awwal

Rabi-ul-Awwal is the third month of the Islamic year, followed by the 2nd month of Safar and 1st month of Muharram. The literal meaning of Rabi is ‘the spring’ and Al-Awwal means ‘the first. So Rabi al-Awwal means ‘the first spring of the year’.

However, this meaning does not hold much importance in the contemporary context, as the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar where the seasons may differ from the month. Still, metaphorically, it is the symbol of joy and the blossom of hope. The key event that makes this month significant for the Muslim world is the birth anniversary of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Besides the birth of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), this month has a lot of significance because of some other occasions that took place during this month. This was the month in which Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) started his journey of Hijrah. In addition, the holy Prophet built Masjid Quba (the first mosque in Islamic history) this month. Also, the first Jumma was held this month.


What is Eid Milad-un-Nabi?

Eid Milad-un-Nabi is also referred to as Mawlid or Mawlid-un-Nabi Sharif, Eid Milad, and Milad-un-Nabi. The significance of this month lies in the blessings of the birth of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Muslims all around the world celebrate this day with religious zeal and fervor.

They embellish streets, mosques, shrines, and residential areas with radiant lights. Sweets, food, and other dishes are also served to the celebrants on this auspicious occasion. Muslim offer prayers, sung poetry, and naats in the praise of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) on this day. It is believed that the listeners and reciters get divine rewards.

The primary aim behind the celebrations and joy is to remember and follow the character traits and teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Believers of the holy Prophet show their love and devotion to the Prophet by celebrating this day to the fullest. This significant day is started by offering Namaz and taking part in ritualistic customs.

The most important message given by Prophet Muhammad is the message of love, peace, mercy, sacrifice, human dignity, diversity, dialogue, and coexistence. By observing this occasion, Muslims get reminded of the messages of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).


History of Eid-Milad un Nabi

The history of Eid Milad dates back to the time when the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) came into this world in Makkah in 570 CE. However, Eid Mawlid gained popularity in the 8th century when Khalifa Harun-al-Rashid’s mother Al-Khizuran converted the house of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) into a prayer hall.

Although, then the day was observed differently than today. In the 11th century, Egypt’s leading clan used to celebrate the day of Mawlid. Moving forward to the 12th century, the custom of commemorating the birth of Prophet Muhammad was started in countries like Turkey, Morocco, Syria, and Spain. Later on, this religious festival becomes a day of celebration in the whole Muslim world.


What is 12th Rabi ul Awwal?

12 Rabi ul Awwal marks the birth of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It’s one of the auspicious days for Muslims to realize that Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was sent for reformations. Therefore, they need to follow his reforms and teachings. It is a day of remembrance for all Muslims to spend their lives devotedly, according to the Sunnah of the beloved Prophet (PBUH). As it is a fact that success and progress in this world and the hereafter can only be achieved by following the teaching of the last Prophet.

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Significance of Eid-Milad-un-Nabi

Eid-Milad-un-Nabi is the day to remember the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). On the birthday/Mawlid of the prophet Muhammad (SAW), Muslims make gatherings to do payers and to listen to the Sira (Life) of the prophet Muhammad. They also distribute food to people to bring happiness to the Ummah. Muslim parents narrate stories of the Prophet Muhammad’s life to their kids.

The main significance behind the commemorations of the birth anniversary of the prophet is to spread the message of Islam and educate the populous about the teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). It also aims to remind the Muslims about the character, his way of worshipping, and spending a successful life.

Alongside, Muslims decorate their homes, and mosques and donate to the poor. As charity and Zakat hold a special place in Islam and it is considered highly rewarding deed, especially on Eid Milad un Nabi.


Prayers on the Day of Eid-Milad-un-Nabi

On the day of 12 Rab-ul-Awal Muslims offer special prayers in mosques and countless Salawat (Durood Sharif) are sent upon Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Reciting Salawat on Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), reciting the holy Quran, offering prayers, and donating to charity hold significant importance on this day.

Here is a translation of the verse where the Quran has stated the importance of sending Salawat to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):

“Allah and His angels bless the Prophet. Believers invoke blessings and peace on him.” (Al-Ahzab: 33: 56)


How to Celebrate Eid Milad Un Nabi?

Since Eid Milad Un Nabi is a special festival, Muslims need to celebrate this day by remembering the teachings and sayings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Reciting Darud Sharif upon the Prophet (SAW) is the best way to celebrate this day. Alongside, Muslims need to commemorate this day by listening to the sunnah of the Prophet, reciting Quran, and doing good deeds.


Bottom Line

Teaching the Quran Kareem to your kids on the special occasion of Eid Milad un Nabi is indeed a great deed. Therefore, contact us to start your Quran learning journey. Quran Focus offers online Quran reading, recitation, translation, and memorization courses to Muslims. We are offering online Quran classes for kids without charging any admission fee.

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Islamic Schools in Netherlands

 

According to Statista, In 2018, the Netherlands counted 56 Islamic schools: 54 elementary schools and two secondary schools. According to the source, in the last ten years, the number of pupils attending Islamic elementary education increased from just over 9,300 to approximately 15,100. Currently, roughly one out of eight children with a Muslim background attend Islamic elementary education in the Netherlands.

 

The first Arabic primary school in the Netherlands opened in 1971: Bouschrã School in Amsterdam. Two Islamic primary schools followed in 1988: Tariq Bin Ziyad in Eindhoven and Al Ghazali in Rotterdam. Forty-three Islamic primary schools now belong to the ISBO.

 

Islamic schools have performed the best among all primary schools for five years.  According to annual school research by a Dutch television news service, RTL News, Islamic schools in the country received the highest score in 2018 with an average of 7.4 on the nationwide test at the end of primary school. In the research, RTL compared school results of the last three years.

Islamic Primary School El Boukhari in western Leerdam city came fifth, El Habib School in southern Maastricht city ninth, and Islamic Primary School Bilal in central Amersfoort city 10th, among 6,000 schools in the country.

 

It is no coincidence that Islamic schools have been the most successful for five years, the director of Gokhan Coban Islamic School Boards Organization (ISBO), told Anadolu Agency.

 

“Teachers work hard in our schools, and we offer religious education to children two hours a week in addition to the national curriculum,” Coban added.

 

Islamic schools are now an indispensable part of the Netherlands. They make a great contribution to Dutch society, he noted.

 

A total of 12,500 students are studying at 53 Islamic schools nationwide. Religious schools, which are funded by the states, have the same national curriculum as public schools. However, they have a bit more freedom to add religious teaching to their curriculum.

 

Participation in the test at the end of primary education is essential for entrance into secondary education.

 

 

Why Choose Quran Focus for Learning Quran Online?

 

We have a dedicated team of online Quran teachers to make Quran learning easy with our interactive and engaging teaching strategy customized to the student’s needs. Here is what makes us unique from other institutions:

 

  • Certified and experienced teachers
  • One week free trial of Quran lessons (no credit card required)
  • Flexible schedule and 24/7 availability
  • Female Quran teachers available for kids and female students
  • Guaranteed satisfaction
  • Highly affordable

 

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Islamic Schools In Stockholm Sweden

Over a million Muslims live in Sweden. Sweden’s almost 10% population is Muslim. There are hundreds of mosques, Islamic Schools, and Islamic Associations In Sweden.  The vast majority of Muslims in Sweden resides in Stockholm, Malmo, Gothenburg, and Uppsala.


Cordoba International School

Preparatory school in Stockholm, Sweden
Kottbygatan 7, 164 75 Kista, Sweden.

 

Al-Azhar AB

Elementary school in Stockholm, Sweden
Kirunagatan 22-28, 162 68 Vällingby, Sweden.

 

Stiftelsen Islamiska skolan

Religious school in Stockholm, Sweden
Fagerstagatan 11, 163 53 Spånga, Sweden.

 

Ibn rushd studieförbund

The organization gives courses in Dawah. Together with the Muslim Youth of Sweden, Ibn Rushd organizes the annual event Muslimska Familjedagarna.

 

Al-Salamskolan

Al-Salamskolan is a charter school in Örebro. Beyond the national curriculum, the pupils learn about Islam and Arabic.

 

Ahad Skolan

Ahad Skolan – Sätra torg 3, Stockholm, Sweden is a non-profit organization for children. Ahad Skolan provides Islamic knowledge.

 

 

Advantages of Online Quran Classes For Kids in Stockholm, Malmo, Uppsala Sweden

These are some benefits of learning the Quran Majeed with us:

  • Our Quran tutors are highly qualified and graduated from prestigious Islamic Universities
  • One-to-one live Quran classes
  • Free one-week trial Quran lessons (no credit card required)
  • Flexible schedule and 24/7 availability
  • Female Quran teachers available for kids and female students
  • Availability of Plans according to your choice
  • Affordable and convenient
  • No registration or admission fee
  • Pay by Paypal, Western Union, MoneyGram, etc.
  • Usage of high-quality & easy-to-use software and other educational resources
  • Power and internet backups are available
  • Guaranteed satisfaction

Start Learning Quran Today with Our Online Quran School

Hundreds of students are learning Quran reading, translation, memorization, and Noorani Qaida and other Islamic courses with us. They are satisfied with our Quran tutors and their teaching methods. We take pride in having taught hundreds of kids from Stockholm, Malmo, Gothenburg, and Uppsala in Sweden.

If you want to learn the Quran Kareem with us, follow these quick steps:

  • Sign Up by filling out our online form
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The Night of Shab-e-Miraj (Isra Night) or Lailat al Miraj

 

 

When we learn the importance of Makkah and Madina as Muslims, we feel a sense of connection to these two Holy Places. The 27th of Rajab is a date to keep in mind because of the sacredness of Masjid al-Aqsa. This day represents a voyage that has never been done or will be done in human history and illustrates the immense power of Almighty Allah.

 

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What is Shab-e-Miraj?

 

Al-Isra Wal-Miraj also called the Night of Miraj and Shab-e-Miraj. This night (the night of Miraj) describes one of the most amazing and miraculous experiences that Allah bestowed upon Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

 

The Prophet (PBUH ) went on this amazing journey at a time when he was going through a very painful moment. As Allah tested him by taking two beloved people from his life.

 

The Prophet (PBUH) was awakened by Angel Jibra’eel (as), who then took him to a white beast named “Buraq” and started the journey to Masjid Al-Aqsa.

 

During this miraculous journey, Jibra’eel (as) stopped the Buraq and told our beloved Prophet (SAW) to pray at many locations in order to emphasize the significance of going to the locations where Allah (SWT) bestowed His bounties upon His pious people.

 

Prophet prayed at Mount Sinai, where Allah revealed the Torah, at Musa’s grave (as), and at Bethlehem, where Jesus/Isa (as) was born.

 

He also stopped and prayed next to the tree where Allah spoke to Musa.

 

When the Prophet (PBUH) finally arrived at Masjid al-Aqsa, he was told that every Prophet sent by Allah from the time of Adam to the time of Isa had been brought to pray behind him so that they may recognize the greatness of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

 

History and Significance of Shab e Meraj

 

The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and the Archangel Gabriel ascend Al Buraq during Shab e Meraj, also known as Lailat al Miraj or “The Night of Ascension,” from Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah to Masjid Al-Haram Al-Aqsa.

 

Angel Gabriel joined Prophet Muhammad (SAW) when he made a few stops at significant Muslim historical sites.

 

Prophet Adam (AS), Prophet Abraham (AS), Prophet Moses (AS), Prophet Jesus (AS), and other prophets met Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in the seven stages of heaven before they arrived at Masjid Al-Aqsa.

 

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) received the order for five daily prayers from Allah SWT as he ascended to the highest level of heaven, where the Throne of Allah (Al-Arsh) was.

 

This highlights the significance of the event because the five daily prayers are the most important action that all Muslims are required to perform each and every day.

 

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Hadith e Rasool SAW On Miraj

 

Hazrat Aisha (RA) reported: “After the Prophet (PBUH) was miraculously taken by night to the furthest mosque in Jerusalem, he awoke and told the people about it. Some of them renounced their faith and belief in him.

 

They sought Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) and they said, “Have you heard that your friend imagined he was taken by night to the sacred house?” Abu Bakr (RA) said, “Did he say that?” They said yes. Abu Bakr (RA) said, “If he said it, he has spoken the truth.”

They said, “Do you believe he went by night to the sacred house and returned before morning?” Abu Bakr (RA) said, “Yes. Verily, I believe what is even more astonishing than that. I believe he has received messages from heaven for everything he does.” For this reason, Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) was named the Truthful, al-Siddiq.”

 

Source: Dalā’il al-Nubuwwah 680. Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani

 

How is Shab e Meraj celebrated by Muslims?

 

Muslims consider Shab e Meraj to be one of the pivotal moments in Islamic history. That is why it is recognized as a national holiday in several Muslim nations so that people can take the day off to observe it. To celebrate it, each Muslim community has its own traditions and rituals.

 

Muslim families would set up some nice decorations around the neighborhood with candles and twinkling lights to brighten up the neighborhood at night. They would also serve various delicious meals and sweets to their families as they celebrate it.

 

Some people would spend the whole night listening to the lecture about the story of Shab e Meraj from the ulema at the mosque. Some elders in the community would also share some life stories of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) with the children after they recite the night prayers.


Final Thoughts

 

We all need to celebrate this day by reflecting on the lessons of Shab-e-Miraj, following the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), doing more worship, and doing good deeds. Doing charity and donating is one of the great practices that every Muslim should do this day. Rajab is the month of Allah when you should do pious deeds more and more to get divine rewards.

 

You can multiply these divine rewards by learning the Holy Quran in the month of Rajab, especially in Shab-e-Miraj. So, turn to Quran Focus to start your Quran learning journey.

 

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Surat Ya-Sin or Yaseen – Arabic with Transliteration and English Translation

SURAT YA-SIN (HOLY QURAN, CHAPTER 36)   سورة يس

بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحمنِ الرَّحيمِ

English Translation (Yusufali)

Transliteration

 Arabic Text

036.001 Ya Sin.

Yā -Sīn

يَا-سِين

036.002 By the Qur’an, full of Wisdom,-

Wa Al-Qur’āni Al-Ĥakīmi

وَالْقُرْآنِ الْحَكِيمِ

036.003 Thou art indeed one of the messengers,

‘Innaka Lamina Al-Mursalīna

إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

036.004 On a Straight Way.

`Alá Şirāţin Mustaqīmin

عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ

036.005 It is a Revelation sent down by (Him), the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.

Tanzīla Al-`Azīzi Ar-Raĥīmi

تَنزِيلَ الْعَزِيزِ الرَّحِيمِ

036.006 In order that thou mayest admonish a people, whose fathers had received no admonition, and who therefore remain heedless (of the Signs of God).

Litundhira Qawmāan Mā ‘Undhira ‘Ābā’uuhum Fahum Ghāfilūna

لِتُنذِرَ قَوْماً مَا أُنذِرَ آبَاؤُهُمْ فَهُمْ غَافِلُونَ

036.007 The Word is proved true against the greater part of them: for they do not believe.

Laqad Ĥaqqa Al-Qawlu `Alá ‘Aktharihim Fahum Lā Yu’uminūna

لَقَدْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَىٰ أَكْثَرِهِمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ

036.008 We have put yokes round their necks right up to their chins, so that their heads are forced up (and they cannot see).

‘Innā Ja`alnā Fī ‘A`nāqihim ‘Aghlālāan Fahiya ‘Ilá Al-’Adhqāni Fahum Muqmaĥūna

إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا فِي أَعْنَاقِهِمْ أَغْلاَلاً فَهِيَ إِلَىٰالأَذْقَانِ فَهُمْ مُقْمَحُونَ

036.009 And We have put a bar in front of them and a bar behind them, and further, We have covered them up; so that they cannot see.

Wa Ja`alnā Min Bayni ‘Aydīhim Saddāan Wa Min Khalfihim Saddāan Fa’aghshaynāhum Fahum Lā Yubşirūna

وَجَعَلْنَا مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ سَدّاً وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ سَدّاً فَأَغْشَيْنَاهُمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يُبْصِرُونَ

036.010 The same is it to them whether thou admonish them or thou do not admonish them: they will not believe.

Wa Sawā’un `Alayhim ‘A’andhartahum ‘Am Lam Tundhirhum Lā Yu’uminūna

وَسَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنذِرْهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ

036.011 Thou canst but admonish such a one as follows the Message and fears the (Lord) Most Gracious, unseen: give such a one, therefore, good tidings, of Forgiveness and a Reward most generous.

‘Innamā Tundhiru Mani Attaba`a Adh-Dhikra Wa Khashiya Ar-Raĥmana Bil-Ghaybi Fabashshirhu Bimaghfiratin Wa ‘Ajrin Karīmin

إِنَّمَا تُنذِرُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ الذّ ِكْرَ وَخَشِيَ الرَّحْمَنَ بِالْغَيْبِ فَبَشّـِرْهُ بِمَغْفِرَةٍ وَأَجْرٍ كَرِيمٍ

036.012 Verily We shall give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before and that which they leave behind, and of all things have We taken account in a clear Book (of evidence).

‘Innā Naĥnu Nuĥyi Al-Mawtá Wa Naktubu Mā Qaddamū Wa ‘Āthārahum Wa Kulla Shay’in ‘Ĥşaynāhu Fī ‘Imāmin Mubīnin

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَنَكْتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُواوَآثَارَهُمْ وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أحْصَيْنَاهُ فِي إِمَامٍمُبِينٍ

036.013 Set forth to them, by way of a parable, the (story of) the Companions of the City. Behold!, there came apostles to it.

Wa Ađrib Lahum Mathalāan ‘Aşĥāba Al-Qaryati ‘Idh Jā’ahā Al-Mursalūna

وَاضْرِبْ لَهُمْ مَثَلاً أَصْحَابَ الْقَرْيَةِ إِذْ جَاءَهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ

036.014 When We (first) sent to them two apostles, they rejected them: But We strengthened them with a third: they said, “Truly, we have been sent on a mission to you.”

‘Idh ’Arsalnā ‘Ilayhimu Athnayni Fakadhdhabūhumā Fa`azzaznā Bithālithin Faqālū ‘Innā ‘Ilaykum Mursalūna

إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ اثْنَيْنِ فَكَذَّبُوهُمَا فَعَزَّزْنَابِثَالِثٍ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا إِلَيْكُمْ مُرْسَلُونَ

036.015 The (people) said: “Ye are only men like ourselves; and (God) Most Gracious sends no sort of revelation: ye do nothing but lie.”

Qālū Mā ‘Antum ‘Illā Basharun Mithlunā Wa Mā ‘Anzala Ar-Raĥmānu Min Shay’in ‘In ‘Antum ‘Illā Takdhibūna

قَالُوا مَا أَنْتُمْ إِلاَّ بَشَرٌ مِثْلُنَا وَمَا أَنزَلَالرَّحْمَنُ مِنْ شَيْءٍ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلاَّ تَكْذِبُونَ

036.016 They said: “Our Lord doth know that we have been sent on a mission to you:

Qālū Rabbunā Ya`lamu ‘Innā ‘Ilaykum Lamursalūna

قَالُوا رَبُّنَا يَعْلَمُ إِنَّا إِلَيْكُمْ لَمُرْسَلُونَ

036.017 “And our duty is only to proclaim the clear Message.”

Wa Mā `Alaynā ‘Illā Al-Balāghu Al-Mubīnu

وَمَا عَلَيْنَا إِلاَّ الْبَلاَغُ الْمُبِينُ

036.018 The (people) said: “for us, we augur an evil omen from you: if ye desist not, we will certainly stone you. And a grievous punishment indeed will be inflicted on you by us.”

Qālū ‘Innā Taţayyarnā Bikum La’in Lam Tantahū Lanarjumannakum Wa Layamassannakum Minnā `Adhābun ‘Alīmun

قَالُوا إِنَّا تَطَيَّرْنَا بِكُمْ لَئِنْ لَمْ تَنتَهُوالَنَرْجُمَنَّكُمْ وَلَيَمَسَّنَّكُمْ مِنَّا عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

036.019 They said: “Your evil omens are with yourselves: (deem ye this an evil omen). If ye are admonished? Nay, but ye are a people transgressing all bounds!”

Qālū Ţā’irukum Ma`akum ‘A’in Dhukkirtum Bal ‘Antum Qawmun Musrifūna

قَالُوا طَائِرُكُمْ مَعَكُمْ أَئِنْ ذُكّـِرْتُمْ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ مُسْرِفُونَ

036.020 Then there came running, from the farthest part of the City, a man, saying, “O my people! Obey the apostles:

Wa Jā’a Min ‘Aqşá Al-Madīnati Rajulun Yas`á Qāla Yā Qawmi Attabi`ū Al-Mursalīna

وَجَاءَ مِنْ أَقْصَىٰ الْمَدِينَةِ رَجُلٌ يَسْعَىٰ قَالَ يَاقَوْمِ اتَّبِعُوا الْمُرْسَلِينَ

036.021 “Obey those who ask no reward of you (for themselves), and who have themselves received Guidance.

Attabi`ū Man Lā Yas’alukum ‘Ajrāan Wa Hum Muhtadūna

اتَّبِعُوا مَنْ لاَ يَسْأَلُكُمْ أَجْراً وَهُمْ مُهْتَدُونَ

036.022 “It would not be reasonable in me if I did not serve Him Who created me, and to Whom ye shall (all) be brought back.

Wa Mā Liya Lā ‘A`budu Al-Ladhī Faţaranī Wa ‘Ilayhi Turja`ūna

وَمَا لِيَ لاَ أَعْبُدُ الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

036.023 “Shall I take (other) gods besides Him? If (God) Most Gracious should intend some adversity for me, of no use whatever will be their intercession for me, nor can they deliver me.

‘A’attakhidhu Min Dūnihi ‘Ālihatan ‘In Yuridni Ar-Raĥmānu Biđurrin Lā Tughni `Annī Shafā`atuhum Shay’āan Wa Lā Yunqidhūni

أَأَتَّخِذُ مِنْ دُونِهِ آلِهَةً إِنْ يُرِدْنِ الرَّحْمَنُبِضُرّ ٍ لاَ تُغْنِ عَنّـِي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئاً وَلاَ يُنقِذُونِ

036.024 “I would indeed, if I were to do so, be in manifest Error.

‘Innī ‘Idhāan Lafī Đalālin Mubīnin

إِنّـِي إِذاً لَفِي ضَلاَلٍ مُبِينٍ

036.025 “For me, I have faith in the Lord of you (all): listen, then, to me!”

‘Innī ‘Āmantu Birabbikum Fāsma`ūni

إِنّـِي آمَنْتُ بِرَبّـِكُمْ فَاسْمَعُونِ

036.026 It was said: “Enter thou the Garden.” He said: “Ah me! Would that my People knew (what I know)!-

Qīla Adkhuli Al-Jannata Qāla Yā Layta Qawmī Ya`lamūna

قِيلَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ قَالَ يَالَيْتَ قَوْمِي يَعْلَمُونَ

036.027 “For that my Lord has granted me Forgiveness and has enrolled me among those held in honour!”

Bimā Ghafara Lī Rabbī Wa Ja`alanī Mina Al-Mukramīna

بِمَا غَفَرَ لِي رَبّـِي وَجَعَلَنِي مِنَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ

036.028 And We sent not down against his People, after him, any hosts from heaven, nor was it needful for Us so to do.

Wa Mā ‘Anzalnā `Alá Qawmihi MinBa`dihi Min Jundin Mina As-Samā’i Wa Mā Kunnā Munzilīna

وَمَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ مِنْ جُندٍ مِنَالسَّمَاءِ وَمَا كُنَّا مُنزِلِينَ

036.029 It was no more than a single mighty Blast, and behold! they were (like ashes) quenched and silent.

‘In Kānat ‘Illā Şayĥatan Wāĥidatan Fa’idhā Hum Khāmidūna

إِنْ كَانَتْ إِلاَّ صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ خَامِدُونَ

036.030 Ah! Alas for (My) Servants! There comes not an apostle to them but they mock him!

Yā Ĥasratan `Alá Al-`Ibādi Mā Ya’tīhim Min Rasūlin ‘Illā Kānū Bihi Yastahzi’ūn

يَاحَسْرَةً عَلَىٰ الْعِبَادِ مَا يَأْتِيهِمْ مِنْ رَسُولٍإِلاَّ كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُون

036.031 See they not how many generations before them we destroyed? Not to them will they return:

‘Alam Yaraw Kam ‘Ahlaknā Qablahum Mina Al-Qurūni ‘Annahum ‘Ilayhim Lā Yarji`ūna

أَلَمْ يَرَوْا كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِنَ الْقُرُونِ أَنَّهُمْإِلَيْهِمْ لاَ يَرْجِعُونَ

036.032 But each one of them all – will be brought before Us (for judgment).

Wa ‘In Kullun Lammā Jamī`un Ladaynā Muĥđarūna

وَإِنْ كُلٌّ لَمَّا جَمِيعٌ لَدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ

036.033 A Sign for them is the earth that is dead: We do give it life, and produce grain therefrom, of which ye do eat.

Wa ‘Āyatun Lahumu Al-’Arđu Al-Maytatu ‘Aĥyaynāhā Wa ‘Akhrajnā Minhā Ĥabbāan Faminhu Ya’kulūna

وَآيَةٌ لَهُمُ الأَرْضُ الْمَيْتَةُ أَحْيَيْنَاهَا وَأَخْرَجْنَا مِنْهَا حَبّاً فَمِنْهُ يَأْكُلُونَ

036.034 And We produce therein orchard with date-palms and vines, and We cause springs to gush forth therein:

Wa Ja`alnā Fīhā Jannātin Min Nakhīlin Wa ‘A`nābin Wa Fajjarnā Fīhā Mina Al-`Uyūni

وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا جَنَّاتٍ مِنْ نَخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَابٍوَفَجَّرْنَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْعُيُونِ

036.035 That they may enjoy the fruits of this (artistry): It was not their hands that made this: will they not then give thanks?

Liya’kulū Min Thamarihi Wa Mā `Amilat/hu ‘Aydīhim ‘Afalā Yashkurūna

لِيَأْكُلُوا مِنْ ثَمَرِهِ وَمَا عَمِلَتْهُ أَيْدِيهِمْ أَفَلاَ يَشْكُرُونَ

036.036 Glory to God, Who created in pairs all things that the earth produces, as well as their own (human) kind and (other) things of which they have no knowledge.

Subĥāna Al-Ladhī Khalaqa Al-’Azwāja Kullahā Mimmā Tunbitu Al-’Arđu Wa Min ‘Anfusihim Wa Mimmā Lā Ya`lamūna

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الأَزْوَاجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنْبِتُالأَرْضُ وَمِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمِمَّا لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

036.037 And a Sign for them is the Night: We withdraw therefrom the Day, and behold they are plunged in darkness;

Wa ‘Āyatun Lahumu Al-Laylu Naslakhu Minhu An-Nahāra Fa’idhā Hum Mužlimūna

وَآيَةٌ لَهُمُ اللَّيْلُ نَسْلَخُ مِنْهُ النَّهَارَ فَإِذَا هُمْ مُظْلِمُونَ

036.038 And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.

Wa Ash-Shamsu Tajrī Limustaqarrin Lahā Dhālika Taqdīru Al-`Azīzi Al-`Alīmi

وَالشَّمْسُ تَجْرِي لِمُسْتَقَرّ ٍلَهَا ذٰلِكَ تَقْدِيرُالْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ

036.039 And the Moon,- We have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of a date-stalk.

Wa Al-Qamara Qaddarnāhu Manāzila Ĥattá `Āda Kāl`urjūni Al-Qadīmi

وَالْقَمَرَ قَدَّرْنَاهُ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّىٰ عَادَ كَالْعُرْجُونِالْقَدِيمِ

036.040 It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).

Lā Ash-Shamsu Yanbaghī Lahā ‘An Tudrika Al-Qamara Wa Lā Al-Laylu Sābiqu An-Nahāri Wa Kullun Fī Falakin Yasbaĥūna

لاَ الشَّمْسُ يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُدْرِكَ الْقَمَرَ وَلاَاللَّيْلُ سَابِقُ النَّهَارِ وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ

036.041 And a Sign for them is that We bore their race (through the Flood) in the loaded Ark;

Wa ‘Āyatun Lahum ‘Annā Ĥamalnā Dhurrīyatahum Fī Al-Fulki Al-Mashĥūni

وَآيَةٌ لَهُمْ أَنَّا حَمَلْنَا ذُرّ ِيَّتَهُمْ فِي الْفُلْكِالْمَشْحُونِ

036.042 And We have created for them similar (vessels) on which they ride.

Wa Khalaqnā Lahum Min Mithlihi Mā Yarkabūna

وَخَلَقْنَا لَهُمْ مِنْ مِثْلِهِ مَا يَرْكَبُونَ

036.043 If it were Our Will, We could drown them: then would there be no helper (to hear their cry), nor could they be delivered,

Wa ‘In Nasha’ Nughriqhum Falā Şarīkha Lahum Wa Lā Hum Yunqadhūna

وَإِنْ نَشَأْ نُغْرِقْهُمْ فَلاَ صَرِيخَ لَهُمْ وَلاَ هُمْ يُنقَذُونَ

036.044 Except by way of Mercy from Us, and by way of (world) convenience (to serve them) for a time.

‘Illā Raĥmatan Minnā Wa Matā`āan ‘Ilá Ĥīnin

إِلاَّ رَحْمَةً مِنَّا وَمَتَاعاً إِلَىٰ حِينٍ

036.045 When they are told, “Fear ye that which is before you and that which will be after you, in order that ye may receive Mercy,” (they turn back).

Wa ‘Idhā Qīla Lahumu Attaqū Mā Bayna ‘Aydīkum Wa Mā Khalfakum La`allakum Turĥamūna

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اتَّقُوا مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَمَا خَلْفَكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

036.046 Not a Sign comes to them from among the Signs of their Lord, but they turn away therefrom.

Wa Mā Ta’tīhim Min ‘Āyatin Min ‘Āyāti Rabbihim ‘Illā Kānū `Anhā Mu`riđīna

وَمَا تَأْتِيهِمْ مِنْ آيَةٍ مِنْ آيَاتِ رَبّـِهِمْ إِلاَّ كَانُوا عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ

036.047 And when they are told, “Spend ye of (the bounties) with which God has provided you,” the Unbelievers say to those who believe: “Shall we then feed those whom, if God had so willed, He would have fed, (Himself)?- Ye are in nothing but manifest error.”

Wa ‘Idhā Qīla Lahum ‘Anfiqū Mimmā Razaqakumu Allāhu Qāla Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Lilladhīna ‘Āmanū ‘Anuţ`imu Man Law Yashā’u Allāhu ‘Aţ`amahu ‘In ‘Antum ‘Illā Fī Đalālin Mubīnin

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ أَنفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ قَالَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنُطْعِمُ مَنْ لَوْ يَشَاءُ اللَّهُ أَطْعَمَهُ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلاَّ فِي ضَلاَلٍمُبِينٍ

036.048 Further, they say, “When will this promise (come to pass), if what ye say is true?”

Wa Yaqūlūna Matá Hādhā Al-Wa`du ‘In Kuntum Şādiqīna

وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هٰذَا الْوَعْدُ إِنْ كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

036.049 They will not (have to) wait for aught but a single Blast: it will seize them while they are yet disputing among themselves!

Mā Yanžurūna ‘Illā Şayĥatan Wāĥidatan Ta’khudhuhum Wa Hum Yakhişşimūna

مَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلاَّ صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَة تَأْخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصّـِمُونَ

036.050 No (chance) will they then have, by will, to dispose (of their affairs), nor to return to their own people!

Falā Yastaţī`ūna Tawşiyatan Wa Lā ‘Ilá ‘Ahlihim Yarji`ūna

فَلاَ يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً وَلاَ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِمْيَرْجِعُونَ

036.051 The trumpet shall be sounded, when behold! from the sepulchres (men) will rush forth to their Lord!

Wa Nufikha Fī Aş-Şūri Fa’idhā Hum Mina Al-’Ajdāthi ‘Ilá Rabbihim Yansilūna

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَإِذَا هُمْ مِنَ الأَجْدَاثِ إِلَىٰ رَبّـِهِمْ يَنسِلُونَ

036.052 They will say: “Ah! Woe unto us! Who hath raised us up from our beds of repose?”… (A voice will say:) “This is what (God) Most Gracious had promised. And true was the word of the apostles!”

Qālū Yā Waylanā Man Ba`athanā Min Marqadinā Hādhā Mā Wa`ada Ar-Raĥmānu Wa Şadaqa Al-Mursalūna

قَالُوا يَاوَيْلَنَا مَنْ بَعَثَنَا مِنْ مَرْقَدِنَا هٰذَا مَاوَعَدَ الرَّحْمَنُ وَصَدَقَ الْمُرْسَلُونَ

036.053 It will be no more than a single Blast, when lo! they will all be brought up before Us!

‘In Kānat ‘Illā Şayĥatan Wāĥidatan Fa’idhā Hum Jamī`un Ladaynā Muĥđarūna

إِنْ كَانَتْ إِلاَّ صَيْحَةًوَاحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ جَمِيعٌلَدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ

036.054 Then, on that Day, not a soul will be wronged in the least, and ye shall but be repaid the meeds of your past Deeds.

Fālyawma Lā Tužlamu Nafsun Shay’āan Wa Lā Tujzawna ‘Illā Mā Kuntum Ta`malūna

فَالْيَوْمَ لاَ تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئاً وَلاَ تُجْزَوْنَ إِلاَّ مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

036.055 Verily the Companions of the Garden shall that Day have joy in all that they do;

‘Inna ‘Aşĥāba Al-Jannati Al-Yawma Fī Shughulin Fākihūna

إِنَّ أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ الْيَوْمَ فِي شُغُلٍ فَاكِهُونَ

036.056 They and their associates will be in groves of (cool) shade, reclining on Thrones (of dignity);

Hum Wa ‘Azwājuhum Fī Žilālin `Alá Al-’Arā’iki Muttaki’ūna

هُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُهُمْ فِي ظِلاَلٍ عَلَىٰ الأَرَائِكِ مُتَّكِئُونَ

036.057 (Every) fruit (enjoyment) will be there for them; they shall have whatever they call for;

Lahum Fīhā Fākihatun Wa Lahum Mā Yadda`ūna

لَهُمْ فِيهَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَلَهُمْ مَا يَدَّعُونَ

036.058 “Peace!” – a word (of salutation) from a Lord Most Merciful!

Salāmun Qawlāan Min Rabbin Raĥīmin

سَلاَمٌ قَوْلاً مِنْ رَبّ ٍ رَحِيمٍ

036.059 “And O ye in sin! Get ye apart this Day!

Wa Amtāzū Al-Yawma ‘Ayyuhā Al-Mujrimūna

وَامْتَازُوا الْيَوْمَ أَيُّهَا الْمُجْرِمُونَ

036.060 “Did I not enjoin on you, O ye Children of Adam, that ye should not worship Satan; for that he was to you an enemy avowed?-

‘Alam ‘A`had ‘Ilaykum Yā Banī ‘Ādama ‘An Lā Ta`budū Ash-Shayţāna ‘Innahu Lakum `Adūwun Mubīnun

أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَابَنِي آدَمَ أَنْ لاَ تَعْبُدُواالشَّيْطَانَ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ

036.061 “And that ye should worship Me, (for that) this was the Straight Way?

Wa ‘Ani A`budūnī Hādhā Şirāţun Mustaqīmun

وَأَنِ اعْبُدُونِي هٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ

036.062 “But he did lead astray a great multitude of you. Did ye not, then, understand?

Wa Laqad ‘Ađalla Minkum Jibillāan Kathīrāan ‘Afalam Takūnū Ta`qilūna

وَلَقَدْ أَضَلَّ مِنْكُمْ جِبِلّاً كَثِيراً أَفَلَمْ تَكُونُواتَعْقِلُونَ

036.063 “This is the Hell of which ye were (repeatedly) warned!

Hadhihi Jahannamu Allatī Kuntum Tū`adūna

هٰذِهِ جَهَنَّمُ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

036.064 “Embrace ye the (fire) this Day, for that ye (persistently) rejected (Truth).”

Aşlawhā Al-Yawma Bimā Kuntum Takfurūna

اصْلَوْهَا الْيَوْمَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

036.065 That Day shall We set a seal on their mouths. But their hands will speak to us, and their feet bear witness, to all that they did.

Al-Yawma Nakhtimu `Alá ‘Afwāhihim Wa Tukallimunā ‘Aydīhim Wa Tash/hadu ‘Arjuluhum Bimā Kānū Yaksibūna

الْيَوْمَ نَخْتِمُ عَلَىٰ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَتُكَلّـِمُنَا أَيْدِيهِمْ وَتَشْهَدُ أَرْجُلُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

036.066 If it had been our Will, We could surely have blotted out their eyes; then should they have run about groping for the Path, but how could they have seen?

Wa Law Nashā’u Laţamasnā `Alá ‘A`yunihim Fāstabaqū Aş-Şirāţa Fa’anná Yubşirūna

وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَطَمَسْنَا عَلَىٰ أَعْيُنِهِمْ فَاسْتَبَقُواالصّـِرَاطَ فَأَنَّىٰ يُبْصِرُونَ

036.067 And if it had been Our Will, We could have transformed them (to remain) in their places; then should they have been unable to move about, nor could they have returned (after error).

Wa Law Nashā’u Lamasakhnāhum `Alá Makānatihim Famā Astaţā`ū Muđīyāan Wa Lā Yarji`ūna

وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَمَسَخْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ مَكَانَتِهِمْ فَمَااسْتَطَاعُوا مُضِيّاً وَلاَ يَرْجِعُونَ

036.068 If We grant long life to any, We cause him to be reversed in nature: Will they not then understand?

Wa Man Nu`ammirhu Nunakkis/hu Fī Al-Khalqi ‘Afalā Ya`qilūna

وَمَنْ نُعَمّـِرْهُ نُنَكّـِسْهُ فِي الْخَلْقِ أَفَلاَ يَعْقِلُونَ

036.069 We have not instructed the (Prophet) in Poetry, nor is it meet for him: this is no less than a Message and a Qur’an making things clear:

Wa Mā `Allamnāhu Ash-Shi`ra Wa Mā Yanbaghī Lahu ‘In Huwa ‘Illā Dhikrun Wa Qur’ānun Mubīnun

وَمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ الشّـِعْرَ وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ~ إِنْ هُوَ إِلاَّ ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُبِينٌ

036.070 That it may give admonition to any (who are) alive, and that the charge may be proved against those who reject (Truth).

Liyundhira Man Kāna Ĥayyāan Wa Yaĥiqqa Al-Qawlu `Alá Al-Kāfirīna

لِيُنْذِرَ مَنْ كَانَ حَيّاً وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَىٰالْكَافِرِينَ

036.071 See they not that it is We Who have created for them – among the things which Our hands have fashioned – cattle, which are under their dominion?-

‘Awalam Yaraw ‘Annā Khalaqnā Lahum Mimmā `Amilat ‘Aydīnā ‘An`āmāan Fahum Lahā Mālikūna

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا خَلَقْنَا لَهُمْ مِمَّا عَمِلَتْ أَيْدِينَاأَنْعَاماً فَهُمْ لَهَا مَالِكُونَ

036.072 And that We have subjected them to their (use)? of them some do carry them and some they eat:

Wa Dhallalnāhā Lahum Faminhā Rakūbuhum Wa Minhā Ya’kulūna

وَذَلَّلْنَاهَا لَهُمْ فَمِنْهَا رَكُوبُهُمْ وَمِنْهَا يَأْكُلُونَ

036.073 And they have (other) profits from them (besides), and they get (milk) to drink. Will they not then be grateful?

Wa Lahum Fīhā Manāfi`u Wa Mashāribu ‘Afalā Yashkurūna

وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ وَمَشَارِبُ أَفَلاَ يَشْكُرُونَ

036.074 Yet they take (for worship) gods other than God, (hoping) that they might be helped!

Wa Attakhadhū Min Dūni Allāhi ‘Ālihatan La`allahum Yunşarūna

وَاتَّخَذُوا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ آلِهَةً لَعَلَّهُمْ يُنصَرُونَ

036.075 They have not the power to help them: but they will be brought up (before Our Judgment-seat) as a troop (to be condemned).

Lā Yastaţī`ūna Naşrahum Wa Hum Lahum Jundun Muĥđarūna

لاَ يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُمْ جُندٌمُحْضَرُونَ

036.076 Let not their speech, then, grieve thee. Verily We know what they hide as well as what they disclose.

Falā Yaĥzunka Qawluhum ‘Innā Na`lamu Mā Yusirrūna Wa Mā Yu`linūna

فَلاَ يَحْزُنْكَ قَوْلُهُمْ إِنَّا نَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ

036.077 Doth not man see that it is We Who created him from sperm? yet behold! he (stands forth) as an open adversary!

‘Awalam Yara Al-’Insānu ‘Annā Khalaqnāhu Min Nuţfatin Fa’idhā Huwa Khaşīmun Mubīnun

أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الإِنسَانُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ فَإِذَاهُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُبِينٌ

036.078 And he makes comparisons for Us, and forgets his own (origin and) Creation: He says, “Who can give life to (dry) bones and decomposed ones (at that)?”

Wa Đaraba Lanā Mathalāan Wa Nasiya Khalqahu Qāla Man Yuĥyī Al-`Ižāma Wa Hiya Ramīmun

وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلاً وَنَسِيَ خَلْقَهُ قَالَ مَنْ يُحْيِي الْعِظَامَ وَهِيَ رَمِيمٌ

036.079 Say, “He will give them life Who created them for the first time! for He is Well-versed in every kind of creation!-

Qul Yuĥyīhā Al-Ladhī ‘Ansha’ahā ‘Awwala Marratin Wa Huwa Bikulli Khalqin `Alīmun

قُلْ يُحْيِيهَا الَّذِي أَنشَأَهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَهُوَ بِكُلّ ِ خَلْقٍ عَلِيمٌ

036.080 “The same Who produces for you fire out of the green tree, when behold! ye kindle therewith (your own fires)!

Al-Ladhī Ja`ala Lakum Mina Ash-Shajari Al-’Akhđari Nārāan Fa’idhā ‘Antum Minhu Tūqidūna

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ الأَخْضَرِ نَاراًفَإِذَا أَنْتُمْ مِنْهُ تُوقِدُونَ

036.081 “Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth able to create the like thereof?” – Yea, indeed! for He is the Creator Supreme, of skill and knowledge (infinite)!

‘Awalaysa Al-Ladhī Khalaqa As-Samāwāti Wa Al-’Arđa Biqādirin `Alá ‘An Yakhluqa Mithlahum Balá Wa Huwa Al-Khallāqu Al-`Alīmu

أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُمْ بَلَىٰ وَهُوَالْخَلاَّقُ الْعَلِيمُ

036.082 Verily, when He intends a thing, His Command is, “be”, and it is!

‘Innamā ‘Amruhu ‘Idhā ‘Arāda Shay’āan ‘An Yaqūla Lahu Kun Fayakūnu

إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُ إِذَا أَرَادَ شَيْئاً أَنْ يَقُولَ لَه ُُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ

036.083 So glory to Him in Whose hands is the dominion of all things: and to Him will ye be all brought back.

Fasubĥāna Al-Ladhī Biyadihi Malakūtu Kulli Shay’in Wa ‘Ilayhi Turja`ūna

فَسُبْحَانَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلّ ِ شَيْءٍ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

 

 

99 Names of Allah or Asma Allah Ul Husna

 

Allah! there is no god but He! To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. (Qur’an 20:8)

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:
‘To God belongs 99 names, 100 minus 1, anyone who memorizes them will enter Paradise; He (God) is odd (odd number, he is the Only One), and He loves odd numbers (such as 99)’

List of 99 Names of Allah in Arabic - Transliteration with meanings and Explanation in English.

 

# Names  Transliteration   Meaning     Explanation
1

الرَّحْمَنُ

Ar-Rahman The Beneficent He who wills goodness and mercy for all His creatures
2

الرَّحِيمُ

Ar-Raheem The Merciful He who acts with extreme kindness
3

الْمَلِكُ

Al-Malik The Eternal Lord The Sovereign Lord, The One with the complete Dominion, the One Whose Dominion is clear from imperfection
4

الْقُدُّوسُ

Al-Quddus The Most Sacred The One who is pure from any imperfection and clear from children and adversaries
5

السَّلاَمُ

As-Salam The Embodiment of Peace The One who is free from every imperfection.
6

الْمُؤْمِنُ

Al-Mu’min The Infuser of Faith The One who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him. And He witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him
7

الْمُهَيْمِنُ

Al-Muhaymin The Preserver of Safety The One who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures
8

الْعَزِيزُ

Al-Aziz The Mighty One The Strong, The Defeater who is not defeated
9

الْجَبَّارُ

Al-Jabbar The Omnipotent One The One that nothing happens in His Dominion except that which He willed
10

الْمُتَكَبِّرُ

Al-Mutakabbir The Dominant One The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures and from resembling them.
11

الْخَالِقُ

Al-Khaaliq The Creator The One who brings everything from non-existence to existence
12

الْبَارِئُ

Al-Baari The Evolver The Maker, The Creator who has the Power to turn the entities.
13

الْمُصَوِّرُ

Al-Musawwir The Flawless Shaper The One who forms His creatures in different pictures.
14

الْغَفَّارُ

Al-Ghaffaar The Great Forgiver The Forgiver, The One who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.
15

الْقَهَّارُ

Al-Qahhaar The All-Prevailing One The Dominant, The One who has the perfect Power and is not unable over anything.
16

الْوَهَّابُ

Al-Wahhab The Supreme Bestower The One who is Generous in giving plenty without any return. He is everything that benefits whether Halal or Haram.
17

الرَّزَّاقُ

Ar-Razzaq The Total Provider The Sustainer, The Provider.
18

الْفَتَّاحُ

Al-Fattah The Supreme Solver The Opener, The Reliever, The Judge, The One who opens for His slaves the closed worldly and religious matters.
19

اَلْعَلِيْمُ

Al-Alim The All-Knowing One The Knowledgeable; The One nothing is absent from His knowledge
20

الْقَابِضُ

Al-Qaabid The Restricting One The Constrictor, The Withholder, The One who constricts the sustenance by His wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.
21

الْبَاسِطُ

Al-Baasit The Extender The Englarger, The One who constricts the sustenance by His wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.
22

الْخَافِضُ

Al-Khaafid The Reducer The Abaser, The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction and raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.
23

الرَّافِعُ

Ar-Rafi The Elevating One The Exalter, The Elevator, The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction and raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.
24

الْمُعِزُّ

Al-Mu’izz The Honourer-Bestower He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him; And He degrades whoever He willed, hence there is no one to give Him esteem.
25

المُذِلُّ

Al-Muzil The Abaser The Dishonourer, The Humiliator, He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him; And He degrades whoever He willed, hence there is no one to give Him esteem.
26

السَّمِيعُ

As-Sami’ The All-Hearer The Hearer, The One who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument or organ.
27

الْبَصِيرُ

Al-Baseer The All-Seeing The All-Noticing, The One who Sees all things that are seen by His Eternal Seeing without a pupil or any other instrument.
28

الْحَكَمُ

Al-Hakam The Impartial Judge The Judge, He is the Ruler and His judgment is His Word.
29

الْعَدْلُ

Al-Adl The Embodiment of Justice The Just, The One who is entitled to do what He does.
30

اللَّطِيفُ

Al-Lateef The Knower of Subtleties The Subtle One, The Gracious, The One who is kind to His slaves and endows upon them.
31

الْخَبِيرُ

Al-Khabeer The All-Aware One The One who knows the truth of things.
32

الْحَلِيمُ

Al-Haleem The Clement One The Forebearing, The One who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.
33

الْعَظِيمُ

Al-Azeem The Magnificent One The Great One, The Mighty, The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement, and Purity from all imperfection.
34

الْغَفُورُ

Al-Ghafoor The Great Forgiver The All-Forgiving, The Forgiving, The One who forgives a lot.
35

الشَّكُورُ

Ash-Shakoor The Acknowledging One The Grateful, The Appreciative, The One who gives a lot of reward for a little obedience.
36

الْعَلِيُّ

Al-Aliyy The Sublime One The Most High, The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures.
37

الْكَبِيرُ

Al-Kabeer The Great One The Most Great, The Great, The One who is greater than everything in status.
38

الْحَفِيظُ

Al-Hafiz The Guarding One The Preserver, The Protector, The One who protects whatever and whoever He willed to protect.
39

المُقيِت

Al-Muqeet The Sustaining One The Maintainer, The Guardian, The Feeder, The One who has the Power.
40

الْحسِيبُ

Al-Haseeb The Reckoning One The Reckoner, The One who gives the satisfaction.
41

الْجَلِيلُ

Al-Jaleel The Majestic One The Sublime One, The Beneficent, The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.
42

الْكَرِيمُ

Al-Kareem The Bountiful One The Generous One, The Gracious, The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.
43

الرَّقِيبُ

Ar-Raqeeb The Watchful One The Watcher, The One that nothing is absent from Him. Hence it’s meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.
44

الْمُجِيبُ

Al-Mujeeb The Responding One The Responsive, The Hearkener, The One who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.
45

الْوَاسِعُ

Al-Waasi’ The All-Pervading One The Vast, The All-Embracing, The Knowledgeable.
46

الْحَكِيمُ

Al-Hakeem The Wise One The Wise, The Judge of Judges, The One who is correct in His doings.
47

الْوَدُودُ

Al-Wadud The Loving One The One who loves His believing slaves and His believing slaves love Him. His love to His slaves is His Will to be merciful to them and praise them
48

الْمَجِيدُ

Al-Majeed The Glorious One The Most Glorious One, The One who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity and Kindness.
49

الْبَاعِثُ

Al-Ba’ith The Infuser of New Life The Resurrector, The Raiser (from death), The One who resurrects His slaves after death for reward and/or punishment.
50

الشَّهِيدُ

Ash-Shaheed The All Observing Witness The Witness, The One who nothing is absent from Him.
51

الْحَقُّ

Al-Haqq The Embodiment of Truth The Truth, The True, The One who truly exists.
52

الْوَكِيلُ

Al-Wakeel The Universal Trustee The Trustee, The One who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.
53

الْقَوِيُّ

Al-Qawwiyy The Strong One The Most Strong, The Strong, The One with the complete Power
54

الْمَتِينُ

Al-Mateen The Firm One The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted and He does not get tired.
55

الْوَلِيُّ

Al-Waliyy The Protecting Associate The Protecting Friend, The Supporter.
56

الْحَمِيدُ

Al-Hameed The Sole-Laudable One The Praiseworthy, The praised One who deserves to be praised.
57

الْمُحْصِي

Al-Muhsee The All-Enumerating One The Counter, The Reckoner, The One who the count of things are known to him.
58

الْمُبْدِئُ

Al-Mubdi The Originator The One who started the human being. That is, He created him.
59

الْمُعِيدُ

Al-Mueed The Restorer The Reproducer, The One who brings back the creatures after death
60

الْمُحْيِي

Al-Muhyi The Maintainer of life The Restorer, The Giver of Life, The One who took out a living human from semen that does not have a soul. He gives life by giving the souls back to the worn out bodies on the resurrection day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.
61

اَلْمُمِيتُ

Al-Mumeet The Inflictor of Death The Creator of Death, The Destroyer, The One who renders the living dead.
62

الْحَيُّ

Al-Hayy The Eternally Living One The Alive, The One attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh or blood.
63

الْقَيُّومُ

Al-Qayyoom The Self-Subsisting One The One who remains and does not end.
64

الْوَاجِدُ

Al-Waajid The Pointing One The Perceiver, The Finder, The Rich who is never poor. Al-Wajd is Richness.
65

الْمَاجِدُ

Al-Maajid The All-Noble One The Glorious, He who is Most Glorious.
66

الْواحِدُ

Al-Waahid The Only One The Unique, The One, The One without a partner
67

اَلاَحَدُ

Al-Ahad The Sole One The One
68

الصَّمَدُ

As-Samad The Supreme Provider The Eternal, The Independent, The Master who is relied upon in matters and reverted to in ones needs.
69

الْقَادِرُ

Al-Qaadir The Omnipotent One The Able, The Capable, The One attributed with Power.
70

الْمُقْتَدِرُ

Al-Muqtadir The All Authoritative One The Powerful, The Dominant, The One with the perfect Power that nothing is withheld from Him.
71

الْمُقَدِّمُ

Al-Muqaddim The Expediting One The Expediter, The Promoter, The One who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead what He wills and delays what He wills.
72

الْمُؤَخِّرُ

Al-Mu’akhkhir The Procrastinator The Delayer, the Retarder, The One who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead what He wills and delays what He wills.
73

الأوَّلُ

Al-Awwal The Very First The First, The One whose Existence is without a beginning.
74

الآخِرُ

Al-Akhir The Infinite Last One The Last, The One whose Existence is without an end.
75

الظَّاهِرُ

Az-Zaahir The Perceptible The Manifest, The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place. He, The Exalted, His Existence is obvious by proofs and He is clear from the delusions of attributes of bodies.
76

الْبَاطِنُ

Al-Baatin The Imperceptible The Hidden, The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place. He, The Exalted, His Existence is obvious by proofs and He is clear from the delusions of attributes of bodies.
77

الْوَالِي

Al-Waali The Holder of Supreme Authority The Governor, The One who owns things and manages them.
78

الْمُتَعَالِي

Al-Muta’ali The Extremely Exalted One The Most Exalted, The High Exalted, The One who is clear from the attributes of the creation.
79

الْبَرُّ

Al-Barr The Fountain-Head of Truth The Source of All Goodness, The Righteous, The One who is kind to His creatures, who covered them with His sustenance and specified whoever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.
80

التَّوَابُ

At-Tawwaab The Ever-Acceptor of Repentance The Relenting, The One who grants repentance to whoever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.
81

الْمُنْتَقِمُ

Al-Muntaqim The Retaliator The Avenger, The One who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One who destroys them.
82

العَفُوُّ

Al-Afuww The Supreme Pardoner The Forgiver, The One with wide forgiveness.
83

الرَّؤُوفُ

Ar-Ra’oof The Benign One The Compassionate, The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His will to endow upon whoever He willed among His creatures.
84

مَالِكُ الْمُلْكِ

Maalik-ul-Mulk The Eternal Possessor of Sovereignty The One who controls the Dominion and gives dominion to whoever He willed.
85

ذُوالْجَلاَلِ وَالإكْرَامِ

Zul-Jalaali-wal-Ikram The Possessor of Majesty and Honour The Lord of Majesty and Bounty, The One who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.
86

الْمُقْسِطُ

Al-Muqsit The Just One The Equitable, The One who is Just in His judgment.
87

الْجَامِعُ

Al-Jaami’ The Assembler of Scattered Creations The Gatherer, The One who gathers the creatures on a day that there is no doubt about, that is the Day of Judgment.
88

الْغَنِيُّ

Al-Ghaniyy The Self-Sufficient One The One who does not need the creation.
89

الْمُغْنِي

Al-Mughni The Bestower of Sufficiency The Enricher, The One who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.
90

اَلْمَانِعُ

Al-Maani’ The Preventer The Withholder.
91

الضَّارَّ

Ad-Daarr The Distressor The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed and benefit to whoever He willed.
92

النَّافِعُ

An-Naafi’ The Bestower of Benefits The Propitious, The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed and benefit to whoever He willed.
93

النُّورُ

An-Noor The Prime Light The Light, The One who guides.
94

الْهَادِي

Al-Haadi The Provider of Guidance The Guide, The One whom with His Guidance His believers were guided, and with His Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial for them and protected from what is harmful to them.
95

الْبَدِيعُ

Al-Badi’ The Unique One The Incomparable, The One who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.
96

اَلْبَاقِي

Al-Baaqi The Ever Surviving One The Everlasting, The One that the state of non-existence is impossible for Him.
97

الْوَارِثُ

Al-Waaris The Eternal Inheritor The Heir, The One whose Existence remains.
98

الرَّشِيدُ

Ar-Rasheed The Guide to Path of Rectitude The Guide to the Right Path, The One who guides.
99

الصَّبُورُ

As-Saboor The Extensively Enduring One The Patient, The One who does not quickly punish the sinners.

Reading The Holy Quran – Manners

 

Manners When Reading The Qur’an

 

6 Manners Of The Heart For Reading The Holy Quran

 

1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE ORIGIN OF THE WORDS

This is an indication of the greatness of the words being read, and the bounty of Allah; Glorified is He, to His creation when He addressed His creation with these words.

 

2. PUTTING INTO THE HEART THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THESE ARE NOT THE WORDS OF MAN

Through this, the reader should think about the characteristics of Allah the Exalted.

 

3. PRESENCE OF THE HEART WHILE READING

Through this, the reader should throw away other thoughts while reading the Qur’an.

 

4. PONDERING THE MEANING

There is less reward in reciting the Qur’an without understanding the meaning. The Qur’an was revealed for guidance and this can be achieved through recitation accompanied with pondering.

 

5. UNDERSTANDING THE MEANING

This means interacting and reacting to every verse according to what is proper for it.

 

6. INDIVIDUALIZATION

This means that the reader feels that every message in the Qur’an is meant especially for him personally.


8 External Manners For Reading The Holy Quran

 


  1. Purity of body, clothes and place.
  2. Using Miswak or Sewak.
  3. Facing the Qiblah.
  4. Seeking refuge from rejected Satan and reading the Bismillah or Basmalah.
  5. Not reading when yawning.
  6. Avoiding cutting off reading to talk with people.
  7. Stopping at a verse of warning and seeking protection with Allah, and stopping at a verse of mercy and asking The Merciful for His Bounty.
  8. Humbleness and crying when reading.



Imam An-Nawwawi (may Allah be Merciful to him) said;

Crying when reading the Qur’an is a characteristic of those who know Allah (know Him through His names and Characteristics) and the feelings of the righteous.”



What is Tajweed and How to Learn Tajweed?

HOW TO LEARN TAJWEED?

Tajweed and its application can only be learned with a qualified teacher.The rules themselves can be studied independently, but their correct application can only be done by listening to, reciting to, and being corrected by, a qualified teacher of the Qur’an.

DO ALL ARABS KNOW HOW TO RECITE THE QUR’AN WITH PROPER TAJWEED?

Unfortunately many do not know proper tajweed.  In the days of the Prophet, peace and blessing upon him, there was no need for the study of tajweed because they talked with what is now known as tajweed; in other words, it was natural for them.  Now, over 14 centuries later, colloquial Arabic has changed radically from the classical Arabic with which the Qur’an was revealed, and Arabs have to study tajweed, just in the same way that non-Arabs do.

I WANT TO LEARN TO RECITE THE QUR’AN WITH PROPER TAJWEED, BUT DON’T KNOW WHERE TO START.

The first step is finding a qualified Qur’an teacher who will listen to you and point out your mistakes, and help you practice fixing them.  You will need to learn the Arabic letters and vowels too.

WHAT IF THERE AREN’T ANY QUALIFIED TEACHERS WHERE I LIVE?

Then your task is going to be a little harder, but certainly not impossible.  You need to work with tapes of good reciters, for example, Sheikh Abdullah Basfar, or Sheikh Mohammed Hosary.  There are sets available on the Internet and in Islamic stores that are called “mu’alm”.  In these sets, the reciter reads a phrase, and then there is a blank space on the tape, allowing the student to repeat what the reciter has just read.

You will need to work on the pronunciation of letters by getting a description of the articulation points and practice placing your tongue, lips, or finding the place in your throat where the letter is articulated from, and compare it to the letter when recited by the Sheikh.

PRINCIPLES OF TAJWEED

One who wishes to learn a science needs to know its principles so that he will gain insight into the sought science.  There are several principles in the science of tajweed that should be understood:

1. ITS DEFINITION

By linguistic definition: Betterment

Applied definition: Articulating every letter from its articulation point and giving the letter its rights and dues of characteristics. Rights of the letters are its required characteristics that never leave it.  The dues of the letters are its presented characteristics that are present in it some of the time, and not present at other times.  i.e. the medd, idgham

2. ITS FORMATION

The words of the Glorious Qur’an and some said Honorable Hadiths also.

3. ITS FRUITS

It is preserving the tongue from mistakes in pronunciation of the Glorious Qur’an during reading.

4. ITS PRECEDENCE

It is one of the most honored of sciences and one of the best of them due to its relation to Allah’s words.

5. ITS PLACE WITHIN THE SCIENCES

It is one of the Islamic Law sciences that are related to the Glorious Qur’an.

6. ITS FOUNDER

The rule setter from the practical point of view is the Messenger of Allah(pbuh) because the Qur’an was revealed to him from Allah, the most High, with tajweed, and he, was instructed on it from the Trustworthy, Jibreel, peace be upon him, and taught it to his companions, who then taught it to their followers and so on until it came to us by these chains.  The rule setters from the scientific point of view are the scholars of Qur’anic sciences, such as Abu ‘Ubaid Al-Qasim bin Sallaam.

7. ITS PRECEPT

Knowledge of tajweed is fardh kifayaah, meaning some of the Muslim community must know it, and its application is fardh ‘ain, required by all Muslims (men and women) who have the complete Qur’an or part of it memorized, even if only one surah.

8.  REASONS FOR ITS RULES

Guarding the Glorious Qur’an and preserving it from distortion.  The Arabs mixed with non-Arabs after the spread of Islam, and the Muslims feared that the Arab tongue would become corrupted with this intermixing.  It then became mandatory for rules to be put down that would preserve the recitation of the Qur’an from mistakes, and guarantee the reader of the Qur’an integrity of pronunciation.

9.  ITS PRINCIPLES

The knowledge of tajweed is contingent on four matters:

  1. Knowledge of the articulation points of the letters
  2. Knowledge of the characteristics of the letters
  3. Knowledge of what rules change in the letters due to the order of letters
  4. Exercising the tongue and a lot of repetition.

COMMON TAJWEED ERRORS

The two most common tajweed mistakes made by non-Arabs are the timings of the vowels, and medd letters, and in the articulation points of the letters.  The first type of mistake has been addressed in the first of what will be, insha’ Allah many tidbits; please see the tidbit lesson link.  The second type of mistake, that in the letters themselves, is a major problem that needs to be addressed by all non-Arabs, whether they are Westerners, Europeans, Africans, from the Indo Pakistani subcontinent, or from Eastern Asia.  At the outset, the letters that occur in Arabic that are not common in other languages would be what one would imagine to be a problem, but in fact, there are letters in Arabic that are similar to other languages, but do not share the same articulation points with their counterparts.

The letters that occur in Arabic, that are not common in other languages are:

ض  ص  غ  ع  خ  ح  ط  ظ

The articulation points of all the Arabic letters will be described later, insha’Allah in a future tidbit lesson.

Letters that have similar sounds in other languages, but in fact have different articulation points are:

د  ت  ف  ك  ر  ل

The first two  (starting from the right), use the tip of the tongue from the top side and what lies opposite from the tip of the tongue from the gum line of the two top front incisors.  Many different languages have similar letters, as in English there is “d” and “t”, but they articulate these letters at a posterior position in the mouth from what the Arabs use as an articulation point.  The result is an incorrect pronunciation of these letters when reading Qur’an.

The ra’ and lam are two letters that non-Arabs have some difficulty in pronouncing correctly.  The ra’ uses the tip of the tongue and the top of the tip and the gums of the two top incisors, but the trick to the ra’ is actually hitting the gum.  Many Muslims try to pronounce the ra’ without touching the tongue to the gum.  Some mistakenly use the throat, like the French do in the French “r”.  The Arabic lam has the widest use of the tongue of any other letters, but uses only the end of the sides of the tongue until it ends at the tip, which then hits the gums of the front upper eight teeth.

The above are just brief summaries of the letters, and as stated before, insha’ Allah soon a tidbit lesson will be posted with all the articulation points discussed in detail.

A third mistake incurred by Arabs and non-Arabs alike is in making proper stops and starts.  There is more than one aspect to this mistake.  The first aspect is that the proper way to stop on a word is by putting a sukoon, or absence of a vowel on the last letter of the word.  It is not allowed to stop using the harakah, or vowel on the last letter of the word.  The second aspect of stopping is that of stopping at a place that doesn’t contradict the meaning intended by Allah, the Exalted.  The same mistake can occur when starting up after stopping and taking a breath.  One cannot just start on the next word arbitrarily, instead the meaning needs to be considered, and the start should be on a word that portrays the correct and complete meaning, even if the reciter needs to go back two or three words.  The stop and start will be explained in detail, insha’ Allah in future tidbit lessons.

One note that is of utmost importance.  It is vital that the Muslim learn the Arabic letters and vowels and recite the Qur’an using them, NOT a transliteration.  Transliterations do not take into account the various letters that sound similar to the untrained ear, but are very different in pronunciation.  The Qur’an is the word of Allah, revealed to man as a guide, and we have to be extremely careful to read it, as best we can, with proper pronunciation.  Reading a transliteration can lead to changing the meaning of the Arabic Qur’an by mispronouncing letters.