Quran Focus Academy Blog

Islam is the fastest-growing religion in Canada – Over a Million Muslims & 3.2 % of total Population

OTTAWA — The Islamic centre in Saskatoon is experiencing growing pains.

Friday services have been split into two, so local streets aren’t clogged with traffic. City officials and nearby residents are working with the centre to answer questions such as: where to put more parking?

“We have been experiencing this kind of steady increase for a while,” said Amin Elshorbagy, president of the Canadian Islamic Congress and a Saskatoon resident.

“We can see this in terms of the need to expand our infrastructure. Most of our Islamic centres are becoming very crowded.”

Statistics released Wednesday confirm what can already be seen: more mosques with busier prayer services and the increasing prevalence of women dressed in hijabs and niqabs in all walks of life. Islam is the fastest-growing religious group in the country.

Across Canada, the Muslim population is growing at a rate exceeding other religions, according to Statistics Canada. It is even growing faster than the number of Canadians who identify themselves as having no religion, though just barely, according to the National Household Survey released Wednesday.

The Muslim population exceeded the one-million mark in 2011, according to the survey, almost doubling its population for the second-consecutive decade. Muslims now represent 3.2 per cent of the country’s total population, up from the two per cent recorded in 2001.

The majority of growth in the Muslim population is the result of immigration, as it is with Sikhs, Hindus and Buddhists, with the largest share coming from Pakistan over the past five years, according to Statistics Canada. Muslims are also the youngest religious group in the country with a median age of about 28 years old.

“The phenomenon of the younger age for groups such as Muslims and Hindus is a reflection of the immigration trends,” said Tina Chui, chief of immigration and ethnocultural statistics at Statistics Canada. “People tend to migrate when they’re younger.”

The growth of the Muslim population is part of a larger trend: minority religious groups becoming a larger slice of the Canadian cultural mosaic, although Christian religions still dominate with almost 70 per cent of the population. That raises questions of accommodation and integration of a religion that experts say is often unfairly viewed through a lens of fear.

“Polling has shown that Canadian Muslims are proud to be Canadian, more so than the average Canadian,” said Ihsaan Gardee, executive director of the Canadian Council on American-Islamic Relations. “Canadian Muslims very much want to integrate and be part and parcel of the society.”

One-on-one, non-Muslims can have favourable views of their Islamic colleagues, but that feeling doesn’t always extend to the wider Muslim population, said Pamela Dickey Young, a professor of religion and culture at Queen’s University.

“It isn’t like Canadian Muslims have not tried to educate the Canadian populace … but for some reason there’s still that edge with it that some Canadians have problems getting over,” Dickey Young said.

The survey results should be taken with caution. Experts say the voluntary nature of the National Household Survey, which replaced the mandatory long-form census, leaves some gaps in the data from groups that tend not to respond to such surveys, such as new immigrants.

Experts believe the data provide a fairly good, broad picture of Canada, but data on smaller groups may provide less reliable information.

“People keep blocking us into one cohesive mass and we’re not that at all,” said said Alia Hogben, executive director of the Canadian Council of Muslim Women.

“We need to sit down as Muslims — not as a community because there isn’t one community — and decide what we want to be accommodated and what we want to give up.”

That internal debate in the Muslim community gets sidetracked because of the backdrop of violence done in the name of religion, which Canadian Muslims regularly and quickly condemn.

Province Muslim 2001 % 2001 Muslims 2011 % 2011
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario 352,525 3.1% 581,950 4.6%
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec 108,620 1.5% 243,430 3.1%
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta 49,045 1.7% 113,445 3.2%
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia 56,220 1.4% 79,310 1.8%
Flag of Manitoba.svg Manitoba 5,095 0.5% 12,405 1.0%
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan 2,230 0.2% 10,040 1.0%
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia 3,545 0.4% 8,505 0.9%
Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick 1,270 0.2% 2,640 0.3%
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador 625 0.1% 1,200 0.2%
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island 195 0.1% 660 0.5%
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories 175 0.5% 275 0.7%
Flag of Nunavut.svg Nunavut 25 0.1% 50 0.2%
Flag of Yukon.svg Yukon 55 0.1% 40 0.1%
Flag of Canada.svg Canada 579,640 2.0% 1,053,945 3.2%

“It is an additional pressure and a big one on the Muslim community,” Elshorbagy said.

“We need to be extra nice just because we’re Muslims. We need to go beyond certain limits, which is very unfortunate for people like me,” he said. “Sometimes the media will call something Islamic terrorism — once you call it Islamic, you’ve brought me into the picture even though I haven’t done something wrong.”


Muslim Population in England & Wales doubles in 10 years to 2.8 Million

The Muslim population of England and Wales is growing faster than the overall population, with a higher proportion of children and a lower ratio of elderly people, according to an analysis of official data.

One in three Muslims is under 15, compared with fewer than one in five overall. There are also fewer elderly Muslims, with 4% aged over 65, compared with 16% of the overall population.

In 2011, 2.71 million Muslims lived in England and Wales, compared with 1.55 million in 2001. There were also 77,000 Muslims in Scotland and 3,800 in Northern Ireland.

The Muslim Council of Britain’s (MCB) study of data from the 2011 census found that Muslims are still a small minority of the overall population – one in 20.

Half the Muslims in England and Wales were born there and almost three-quarters (73%) identify themselves as British. Two-thirds of Muslims are ethnically Asian and 8% are white.

Responding to the report, the deputy prime minister, Nick Clegg, said: “I believe that every person, whatever their background and circumstances, should have an equal chance to thrive. “What’s not in doubt is that British Muslims can be proud of the contribution they make to our country.”

The figures show that Muslims make up 20% or more of the electorate in 26 constituencies and live in all local authority areas in England and Wales. “There has been a spreading-out effect and this has accelerated in the past 10 years,” said Sundas Ali, a sociologist at Oxford University.

Eight per cent of all school-age children (five to 15) are from Muslim households. Some schools have a high proportion of Muslim pupils, such as those in Washwood Heath in Birmingham, where 86% of school-age children are Muslim.



The proportion of Muslim adults with degree level and above qualifications is similar to the general population, at 24% compared with 27%. In the last census, there were 329,694 Muslim full-time students, of which 43% were women.

Despite high numbers of Muslim women in full-time education, the findings show that within the 16 to 74 age band, 18% of Muslim women are “looking after home and family”, compared with 6% in the overall population.

James Nazroo, a professor of sociology at Manchester University, said: “I think there are a large number of myths around the ethnic minority and religious minority populations in the UK and so it’s important that these myths have light shone on them.”

He added: “This is where the policy engagement can happen and we can work on the basis of good information rather than the basis of myths and look at inequalities that sections of our society face.”

The settlements with large number of Muslims are Bradford, Luton, Blackburn, Birmingham, London and Dewsbury. There are also high numbers in High Wycombe, Slough, Leicester, Derby, Manchester, Liverpool and the mill towns of Northern England.

The local authorities with a Muslim population greater than 10 percent in 2001 were:

London Borough of Tower Hamlets 36.4% 71,389
London Borough of Newham 24.3% 59,293
Blackburn with Darwen 19.4% 26,674
City of Bradford 16.1% 75,188
London Borough of Waltham Forest 15.1% 32,902
Luton 14.6% 26,963
Birmingham 14.3% 139,771
High Wycombe 14.1%, 9,708
London Borough of Hackney 13.8% 27,908
London Borough of Enfield 13.5% 37,388
Pendle 13.4% 11,988
Slough 13.4% 15,897
London Borough of Brent 12.3% 32,290
London Borough of Redbridge 11.9% 28,487
City of Westminster 11.8% 21,346
London Borough of Camden 11.6% 22,906
London Borough of Haringey 11.3% 24,371
Metropolitan Borough of Oldham 11.1% 24,039
Leicester 11.0% 30,885
London Borough of Ealing 10.3% 31,033
Kirklees 10.1% 39,312

Most large cities have one area that is a majority Muslim even if the rest of the city has a fairly small Muslims population; for example, Harehills in Leeds.
In addition, it is possible to find small areas that are almost entirely Muslim: for example, Savile Town in Dewsbury.    http://www.quranfocus.com








CAIR TEXAS, Dallas Fort Worth or CAIR-DFW

The CAIR-TX, DFW Chapter was formed in 1998 and is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, tax-deductible, grassroots advocacy and civil rights organization. The national headquarters for CAIR is in Washington, D.C. and there are nearly 30 affiliated CAIR chapters across America. CAIR was first established to promote an accurate image of Islam and Muslims in America and has evolved into the largest Muslim civil rights and advocacy organization in the U.S.


CAIR’s vision is to be a leading advocate for justice and mutual understanding.

CAIR’s mission is to enhance understanding of Islam, encourage dialogue, protect civil liberties, empower American Muslims, and build coalitions that promote justice and mutual understanding.


  1. CAIR supports free enterprise, freedom of religion and freedom of expression.
  2. CAIR is committed to protecting the civil rights of all Americans, regardless of faith.
  3. CAIR supports domestic policies that promote civil rights, diversity and freedom of religion.
  4. CAIR opposes domestic policies that limit civil rights, permit racial, ethnic or religious profiling, infringe on due process, or that prevent Muslims and others from participating fully in American civic life.
  5. CAIR is a natural ally of groups, religious or secular, that advocate justice and human rights in America and around the world.
  6. CAIR supports foreign policies that help create free and equitable trade, encourage human rights and promote representative government based on socio-economic justice.
  7. CAIR believes the active practice of Islam strengthens the social and religious fabric of our nation.
  8. CAIR condemns all acts of violence against civilians by any individual, group or state.
  9. CAIR advocates dialogue between faith communities both in America and worldwide.
  10. CAIR supports equal and complementary rights and responsibilities for men and women.

Our main focus is to defend the legal and constitutional rights of American Muslims in every aspect of life but especially in the workplace, schools, federal agencies and within local government. We regularly participate in civic and interfaith dialogues with organizations dedicated to preserving America’s legacy of social justice.

Another one of the CAIR-TX, DFW Chapter’s focus is to engage with the media to help improve and implement a more accurate image of Islam and Muslims in America. We also offer diverse training presentations, workshops and seminars to empower and motivate the American Muslim community to participate effectively in political, social and civic activism.

CAIR will continue to serve as a leader in the DFW Muslim community, by striving to improve relations between people of all races, religions and cultures.

New York City’s public schools will close in observance of the two Muslim holy days of Eid

New York will become the nation’s first major metropolis to close its public schools in observance of the two most sacred Muslim holy days, Mayor Bill de Blasio said on Wednesday.

Several municipalities across the country — including in Massachusetts, Michigan and New Jersey — have moved in recent years to include the holy days, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, in their school calendars. But New York City, with its 1.1 million schoolchildren, dwarfs the others in its size and symbolism.

For Muslim activists, who have spent years trying to raise their political profile, the mayor’s announcement was taken as a significant victory, and an indication that they had matured as a constituency with tangible influence on public policy.

“When these holidays are recognized, it’s a sign that Muslims have a role in the political and social fabric of America,” said Ibrahim Hooper, a spokesman for the Council on American-Islamic Relations, the nation’s largest Muslim civil rights and advocacy group.

At least six school districts nationally, including Cambridge, Mass.; Dearborn, Mich.; Burlington, Vt.; and Paterson and South Brunswick, N.J., have granted days off for the major Muslim holidays. Many more districts recognize the holidays in other ways, such as noting them on the school calendar or granting excused absences for observant students.

In New York, a group of Muslims has spent nine years pressing for inclusion on the city’s school calendar, which already recognizes several Jewish and Christian holidays. Muslims make up about 10 percent of the student body in the city’s public schools, according to a 2008 study by Columbia University.

Mr. de Blasio had no objections: He pledged as a candidate in 2013 to close schools on the two Muslim holy days. On Wednesday, the mayor said that the changes would take effect in the coming academic year.

Eid al-Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, commemorates the willingness of Ibrahim, or Abraham, to sacrifice his son to God. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the holy month of fasting for Ramadan, which is signaled by the sighting of the crescent moon.

The exact timing of the holy days changes year to year because they are based on a lunar calendar. In the coming school year, classes will start a day earlier in September to account for Eid al-Adha, which falls on Sept. 24, a Thursday; in 2016, Eid al-Fitr falls during the summer.

In interviews on Wednesday, Muslim students and parents reacted with delight. Ilham Atmani, who was born in Morocco and lives in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, said she had been frustrated having to take her four children out of classes. “I know that Muslims are a minority, but we have to be recognized,” she said.

Helal Chowdhury, 15, a sophomore at Brooklyn Technical High School, said that every year he had to choose between celebrating the holidays with his family and going to school so he would not fall behind. Helal, who wants to be a doctor, said he had had a perfect attendance record for the past several years and that school always seemed to win.

“This is a big step forward,” Helal said. “We’ve been waiting a long time for this.”

Speaking at a school gymnasium in Bay Ridge on Wednesday, Mr. de Blasio, flanked by jubilant Muslim activists and city officials, was asked if he was concerned about a right-wing backlash to his decision.

“People who will criticize it, I think, should go back and look at the Constitution of the United States,” Mr. de Blasio said. “We are a nation that was built to be multifaith, multicultural.”

Mr. de Blasio often ends his news conferences by reciting a version of the day’s announcement in Spanish. As he prepared to do so on Wednesday, the mayor paused. “I will now talk about the Eid holidays in Spanish,” he said. “Only in New York, brothers and sisters.”

Holy Quran Park Dubai, UAE

The opening of the Holy Quran Park in Dubai is in sight, and final touches are being given to the park. Paving of the roads and parking construction is currently ongoing, the Dubai Municipality has announced.

“The General Maintenance Department is currently preparing for the construction of the pavement and parking at the Holy Quran Park in Al Khawaneej,” the concerned department said.


Holy Quran Park, Dubai

The 64-hectare park is expected to be completed and opened for public in September this year.

The new attraction is intended to educate the public about the Holy Quran and its miracles, and will showcase all plants mentioned in the Holy Quran and available in the UAE.

Fig, pomegranate, olive, corn, leek, garlic, onion, lentil, barley, wheat, ginger, pumpkin, watermelon, tamarind, seder, vineyards, bananas, cucumbers and basil are some of the species that will be planted in the theme park.


A view of Holy Quran Park in Al Khawaneej, UAE

Of the 54 species mentioned in the Holy Quran, 35 will be showcased inside the park while the remaining 15 species will be grown in green houses and 20 outside.

The park will also have a tunnel which will exhibit the miracles described in the Holy Quran in the form of images and audio material, in addition to tracks for running, cycling and sand walking, an Umrah corner, outside theatre, fountains, desert garden, palm oasis and a lake.

After completing the paving of 8,000 square meters and the provision of 200 parking spaces, the area will be cleaned and prepared for opening.

The total cost of the project is estimated at around Dh27 million.

Al Noor School – Brooklyn, New York

Al Noor School was founded in 1995. Al‐Noor School is one of the Largest and fastest growing Islamic schools in America. They are strategically located in the heart of Brooklyn, New York. In September 2002, they attained the Pre Kindergarten – 12th grade status with current registration of 650 students. Most of their students are the American‐born descendants of Muslim immigrants from the Middle East and Indian Subcontinent.

Quran School, Brooklyn, New York

Al Noor School is a New York State chartered school educating male and female students from Pre Kindergarten to 12th grade. The staff of Al Noor School is committed to the pursuit of excellence in Islamic faith and academic studies with the inculcation of Islamic values, morals and the development of a strong attachment of our students to the Islamic culture.

Their goal is to ensure that our students can make optimal use of modern facilities and technology, and to acquire the relevant attitudes and skills so that upon their graduation they will serve as useful and productive Muslims and can provide effective leadership in all spheres of society.

Al-Noor is very much concerned with the general academic development of its students, their morals, values, and identity as Muslims. The efforts of the administration and faculty have proven that Al-Noor can offer its students a quality education to enter the best colleges, In June 2002; the first batch of students graduated and received the high school diploma. This is a remarkable achievement and Al-Noor will continue to add more of these fulfilments.

Al Noor School is committed to providing an education of excellence that meets each student’s interests, abilities and needs within a common curricular framework and reflects and promotes an understanding of, and appreciation for, diversity in our community as an integral part of school life. Al Noor School challenges each student to develop intellectual independence, creativity and curiosity and a sense of responsibility toward others both within the school and in the community at large. Guided by the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Al Noor School prepares students to go forth as active participants in society.

Al Noor School Address

675 4th Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11232

Salah Names, Rakat and Time or Namaz Names and Rakaat

Name Rakat Time
Fajr 04
02 Sunnah | 02 Farz
From dawn before sunrise.
Zuhar 12
04 Sunah | 04 Farz
02 Sunnah | 02 Nawafil
Between the declining of sun & Asr.
Asr 08
04 Sunnah | 04 Farz
(Late afternoon) Immediately after the last time limit    of Zuhar until just before the sunset.
Maghrib 07
03 Farz | 02 Sunnah
02 Nawafil
(Evening) Soon after sunset until the disappearance of the twilight.
Isha 17
04 Sunnah | 04 Farz
02 Sunnah | 02 Nawafil
03 Witar | 02 Nawafil
After the disappearance of the twilight until midnight.
Juma 14
04 Sunnah | 02 Farz
04 Sunnah| 02 Sunnah
02 Nawafil
Between the declining of sun & Asr. Juma can’t be offered individually. If you happen to miss Juma prayer, then you should offer Zuhar.



Arabic Vocabulary – Religion

English Standard Arabic Transliteration Egyptian Arabic Transliteration
religion دين (ج) أديان diin (pl.) adyaan
sect طائفة (ج) طوائف Taa’ifa (pl.) Tawaa’if Tayfa (pl.) Tawaa’if
denomination مذهب (ج) مذاهب madhab (pl.) madaahib mazhab (pl.) mazaahib
Islam الإسلام al-islaam
Muslim مسلم muslim
Sunni سنّي (ج) سنّة sunni (pl.) sunna
Shi’ite شيعي (ج) شيعة šii3i (pl.) šii3a
Alawite علوي 3alawi
Christianity المسيحية al-masiiHiyya il-masiHiyya
Christian مسيحي masiiHi
Copt قبطي (ج) أقباط qibTi (pl.) aqbaaT ‘ibTi (pl.) a’baaT
Maronite ماروني (ج) موارنة maaruuni (pl.) mawaarina maruuni (pl.) mawaarina
Orthodox أورثودوكس ortodoks
Catholic كاثوليك katoliik
Protestant بروتستانت brotestaant
Judaism اليهودية al-yahuudiyya
Jew يهودي (ج) يهود yahuudi (pl.) yahuud yihuudi (pl.) yihuud
Reform Judaism اليهودية الإصلاحية al-yahuudiyya l-iSlaaHiyya
Conservative Judaism اليهودية المحافظة al-yahuudiyya l-muHaafiZa il-yahuudiyya l-muHafZa
Orthodox Judaism اليهودية الأرثودوكسية al-yahuudiyya l-ortodoksiyya
Druze دروزي (ج) دروز druuzi (pl.) druuz
Hinduism الهندوسية al-hinduusiyya
Buddhism البوذية al-buudiyya il-buudiyya
Baha’ism البهائية al-bahaa’iyya
Sufism الصوفية aS-Suufiyya
Sikhism السيخية as-siixiyya
Jainism الجانية al-jaaniyya
Zoroastrianism الزرادشتية az-zaraadištiyyas
Taoism الطاوية aT-Taawiyya
paganism (pagan) وثنية (وثني) wataniyya (watani) wasaniyya (wasani)
atheism (atheist) الإلحاد (ملحد) al-ilHaad (mulHid)
secularism علمانية 3ilmaaniyya
monotheism توحيدية tawHiidiyya
infidel كافر (ج) كفار kaafir (pl.) kuffaar

creation theory نظرية الخلق naZariyyat al-xalq naZariyyat il-xal’
theology الإلهيات al-ilhiyyaat
creed عقيدة (ج) عقائد دينية 3aqiida (pl.) 3aqaa’id diiniyya 3aqiida (pl.) 3aqaayid diiniyya
(a) god اله (ج) آلهة ilaah (pl.) aaliha
God* الله allaah
lord رب (ج) أرباب rabb (pl.) arbaab
Satan, the devil الشيطان (ج) الشياطين aš-šeiTaan (pl.) aš-šayaaTiin iš-šiTaan (pl.) iš-šayaTiin
messiah مسيح masiiH
savior مخلّص muxalliS
Jesus يسوع | عيسى yasuu3 (used by Christians); 3iisa (used by Muslims)
angel ملاك (ج) ملائكة malaak (pl.) malaa’ika malaak (pl.) malayka
heaven, paradise الجنة al-janna ig-ganna
hell النار an-naar (lit. “the fire”)
الجحيم al-jaHiim gaHiim
الجهنم al-juhannam gahannam
cross صليب (ج) صلبان Saliib (pl.) Sulbaan Siliib (pl.) Sulbaan
crescent هلال halaal
star of David نجمة داوود najmat daawuud nigmit dawuud

mosque جامع (ج) جوامع jaami3 (pl.) jawaami3 gaami3 (pl.) gawaami3
مسجد (ج) مساجد masjid (pl.) masaajid
prayer niche in mosques محراب (ج) محاريب miHraab (pl.) maHaariib
minaret مأذنة (ج) مآذن ma’dana (pl.) ma’aadin مدنة (ج) مدن madna (pl.) midan
call to prayer اذان adaan adaan
muezzin مؤذن mu’addin mu’azzin
minbar (pulpit) منبر (ج) منابر minbar (pl.) manaabir mimbar (pl.) manaabir
Friday sermon خطبة xuTba
imam امام (ج) أئمة imaam (pl.) a’ima

church كنيسة (ج) كنائس kaniisa (pl.) kanaa’is كنيسة (ج) كنايس kiniisa (pl.) kanaayis
shrine مزار (ج) مزارات mazaar (pl.) mazaaraat
altar مذبح (ج) مذابح madbaH (pl.) madaabiH mazbaH (pl.) mazaabiH
sanctuary هيكل (ج) هياكل heikal (pl.) hayaakil
synagogue كنيس kaniis
temple معبد (ج) معابد ma3bad (pl.) ma3aabid
monastery دير (ج) أديار deir (pl.) adyaar deir (pl.) adyira
monk راهب (ج) رهبان raahib (pl.) ruhbaan
nun راهبة raahiba rahba
priest قسيس (ج) قسس qassiis (pl.) qusus ‘assiis (pl.) ‘usus
bishop أسقف (ج) أساقف usquf (pl.) asaaqif us’uf (pl.) asa’fa
the Pope البابا al-baaba
rabbi حاخام (ج) حاخامات Haaxaam (pl.) Haaxaamaat Haxaam (pl.) Haxamaat
prophet نبي (ج) أنبياء nabi (pl.) anbiyaa’ nabi (pl.) anbiya

the (holy) Qur’an القرآن (الكريم) al-qur’aan (al-kariim)
chapter from the Qur’an سورة (ج) سور suura (pl.) suwar
verse from the Qur’an آية (ج) آيات aaya (pl.) aayaat
the Bible الكتاب المقدس al-kitaab al-muqaddas ik-kitaab il-mu’addas
the New Testament العهد الجديد al-3ahd al-jadiid il-3ahd ig-gidiid
the Gospels الإنجيل al-injiil il-ingiil
the Old Testament العهد القديم al-3ahd al-qadiim il-3ahd il-’adiim
the Torah التوراة at-tooraah

the pillars of Islam أركان الإسلام arkaan al-islaam
profession of faith شهادة šahaada
prayer صلاة Salaah
fasting صوم Soom
alms-giving زكاة zakaah
pilgrimage to Mecca حج Hajj Hagg
minor pilgrimage عمرة 3umra 3omra
permitted by Islam حلال Halaal
forbidden by Islam حرام Haraam

mass قداس (ج) قداديس quddaas (pl.) qadaadiis ‘oddaas (pl.) ‘adadiis
(Christian) saint قديس qiddiis ‘iddiis
psalm مزمور (ج) مزامير mazmuur (pl.) mazaamiir mazmuur (pl.) mazamiir
hymn ترنيمة (ج) ترانيم tarniima (pl.) taraaniim tarniima (pl.) taraniim
rosary مسبحة (ج) مسابح misbaHa (pl.) masaabiH
the Ten Commandments الوصايا العشر al-waSaaya l-3ašr
(Christian) sermon وعظة wa3Za

feast عيد (ج) أعياد 3iid (pl.) a3yaad
Eid al-Fitr عيد الفطر 3iid al-fiTr
العيد الصغير il-3iid iS-Soġayyar
Eid al-Adha عيد الأضحى 3iid al-aDHa
العيد الكبير il-3iid ik-kibiir
Leilat al-Qadr ليلة القدر leilat al-qadr leilit il-’adr
Christmas عيد الميلاد 3iid al-miilaad
كريسماس krismas
Epiphany عيد الغطاس 3iid al-ġiTaas
Palm Sunday أحد الشعانين aHad aš-ša3aaniin Hadd iš-ša3aniin
أحد السعف aHad is-sa3af Hadd iz-za3af
Holy Week الاسبوع العظيم al-usbuu3 al-3aZiim
Easter عيد القيامة 3iid al-qiyaama 3iid il-’iyaama
Pentecost حلول الروح القدس Huluul ar-ruuH al-qudus
العنصرة al-3anSara
Ascension عيد الصعود المجيد 3iid aS-Su3uud al-majiid 3iid iS-Su3uud il-magiid
Annunciation عيد البشارة المجيد 3iid al-bišaara l-majiid 3iid il-bišaara l-magiid
Good Friday الجمعة العظيمة al-jum3a l-3aZiima ig-gom3a l-3aZiima
Rosh Hashana عيد رأس السنة 3iid ra’s as-sana 3iid raas is-sana
Yom Kippur يوم الغفران yoom al-ġufraan
Channukah عيد الأنوار 3iid al-anwaar
Purim عيد المساخر 3iid al-masaaxir
Pesach/Passover عيد الفصح 3iid al-fiSH

to believe in أمن – يؤمن (إيمان) بـ amana – yu’minu (iimaan) bi
to worship عبد – يعبد (عبادة) 3abada – ya3budu (3ibaada) 3abad – yi3bid (3ibaada)
to pray صلى – يصلي (صلاة) Salla – yuSalli (Salaah)
to fast صام – يصوم (صوم | صيام) Saama – yaSuumu (Soom/Siyaam)
to bless بارك – يبارك (مباركة) baaraka – yubaariku (mubaaraka) baarik – yibaarik (baraka)
blessing بركة (ج) بركات baraka (pl.) barakaat
to repent تاب – يتوب (توبة) taaba – yatuubu (tooba)
repentance توبة tooba
to ask forgiveness استغفر – يستغفر (استغفار) istaġfara – yastaġfiru (istiġfaar)
to grant forgiveness to s.o. for غفر – يغفر (غفران) ــ لـ ġafar – yaġfiru (ġufraan) s.o. li ġafar – yuġfur (ġufraan) s.o. li
forgiveness غفران ġufraan
to have mercy رحم – يرحم (رحمة) raHima – yarHamu (raHma) raHam – yirHam (raHma)
mercy رحمة raHma
fate قدر (ج) أقدار qadr (pl.) aqdaar
morals أخلاق axlaaq axlaa’
soul, spirit روح (ج) أرواح ruuH (pl.) arwaaH (fem.)
holy مقدس muqaddas mu’addas
to convert to (lit. embrace) اعتنق – يعتنق (اعتناق) i3tanaqa – ya3taniqu (i3tinaaq)
to convert to Islam أسلم – يسلم (اسلام) aslama – yuslimu (islaam)
to engage in (Christian) missionary work بشر – يبشر (تبشير) baššara – yubašširu (tabšiir) baššar – yibaššar (tabšiir)
missionary داعية daa3iya
prosyletization دعوى da3wa
to make confession اعترف – يعترف (اعتراف) i3tarafa – ya3tarifu (i3tiraaf)
to sacrifice ضحى – يضحي (تضحية) بـ DaHHa – yuDaHHi (taDHiya) bi
sacrifice (or victim) ضحية (ج) ضحايا DaHiya (pl.) DaHaaya
good خير xeir
evil شر šarr
blasphemy تجديف tajdiif tagdiif
resurrection قيامة qiyaama ‘iyaama
Judgement Day يوم القيامة yoom al-qiyaama yoom il-’iyaama
religious, pious متدين mutadayyin
sin (or guilt) ذنب (ج) ذنوب danb (pl.) dunuub zamb (pl.) zunuub
sin خطيئة (ج) خطايا xaTii’a (pl.) xaTaaya xaTiyya (pl.) xaTaaya
miracle معجزة (ج) معجزات mu3jiza (pl.) mu3jizaat mo3giza (pl.) mo3gizaat

* Although many people use الله in English to refer specifically to “the Muslim God,” in Arabic the word simply means “God,” and is used by Arabic-speaking Muslims, Christians, and Jews to refer to God.

Islam in Scotland

Islam in Scotland includes all aspects of the Islamic faith in Scotland. The first Muslim known to have been in Scotland was a medical student who studied at the University of Edinburgh from 1858 to 1859. The production of goods and Glasgow’s busy port meant that many lascars were employed there. Most Muslims in Scotland are members of families that immigrated in the later decades of the 20th century. Muslims comprised nearly 2 per cent of Scotland’s population. 

Muslims are the third largest non-Christian group after atheists and agnostics. Two important mosques in Scotland are Edinburgh Central Mosque and Glasgow Central Mosque.

Mosques in the major cities of Scotland;

Edinburgh Central Mosque

Image result for glasgow  mosque

Glasgow Central Mosque


Dundee Central Mosque

Aberdeen Mosque and Islamic Centre

Inverness Masjid

Stirling Mosque

How to perform Eid-ul-Adha Prayer (Step by Step)

Eid prayer consists of two units (Rakat in Arabic, singular is Raka). The main difference in the way this prayer and any other prayer of two Rakat is performed is the number of Takbirs that are done.

Takbirs is an Arabic word referring to when “Allahu Akbar” is said and the hands are raised to the ears.

Step 1: Make an intention of doing two Rakat behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs.

The First Raka

Step 2: After the Imam has said “Allahu Akbar” the first time, you should raise your hands and follow. This is the first Takbir of the prayer.

Step 3: There will be 3 Takbirs before the Imam starts reciting Quran. Each time the Imam says “Allahu Akbar”, you should follow by raising your hands, then putting them on your sides.

After the third Takbir, the Imam will begin reciting the Quran. At that point, you should put your hands on your chest, with your right hand on top of the left.

Step 4: Listen to the recitation of the Holy Quran. The Imam will recite Surah Al Fatiha (the first Surah of the Quran) and then another Surah.

Step 5: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Ruku (the bowing position).

Step 6: Stand up straight when he says Sami Allahu liman Hamidah (Allah hears those who praise Him), and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (our Lord praise be to You) in a low voice.

Step 7: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud (prostration). You will do two prostrations as in normal prayer.

The Second Raka

Step 8: The Imam will first recite from the Holy Quran (first Surah Al Fatiha and another Surah.

Step 9: After the recitation, before going into Ruku, there will be 3 Takbirs. Follow the Imam. Raise your hands after each “Allahu Akbar”. After the third Takbir, go into Ruku (the bowing position).

Step 10: Stand up straight when the Imam says Sami Allah huliman Hamidah, and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” in a low voice.

Step 11: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud. You will do two prostrations.

Step 12: After this, you sit for the complete Tashshahud.

Step 13: After the Imam ends the prayer by turning to his face to the right first and saying “Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah” and then to his left and doing the same, you should follow.

Step 14: Do not get up right away. The Imam will give a short Khutbah (speech). Please stay still and listen. It is recommended to do so.